Infodata Participation in welfare state benefits November 2021 Classification Tags welfare state Subject areas Social Inclusion Related content Infodata | November 2021 Social benefits by programmes Some 23.1% of Spain’s GDP is assigned to programmes for the care of elderly people, health, unemployment, disability, family, social exclusion and housing. Infodata | November 2021 Feminisation of care work In Spain, 10% of women perform care work, by far exceeding the 5% of male carers. Infodata | November 2021 Intergenerational solidarity Some 34.8 of grandparents in Spain regularly care for their grandchildren, a figure much higher than the European average. Best practices | November 2021 The effect of early retirement schemes on youth employment Contradicting a fairly widespread idea, delaying exit from the labour market does not reduce youth employment, but could actually boost it. Best practices | November 2021 Child benefit design: the importance of refundable tax deductions Child support benefits improve the economic situation of families and appear to be positive for increasing fertility rates. How can they be designed with efficiency?