Desertified Spain

Article

Desertified Spain

December 2022

Science
Sergio Villamayor-Tomas, Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA-UAB); Gerard Pocull, Francesco Facchini and Cara Maeztu, ICTA-UAB; Esteve Corbera Elizalde, ICTA-UAB, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA);

Some 17.5% of rural territory is exposed simultaneously to high rates of depopulation and of aridity. This study analyses how some factors for mitigating depopulation can have undesired effects, of both a social and an environmental nature.

A systematic review of the research on rural vulnerability

Article

A systematic review of the research on rural vulnerability

December 2022

Social Inclusion
Sergio Villamayor-Tomas, Francesco Facchini, Daniel Gaitán, Gerard Pocull and Gerard Codina, Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA-UAB); Esteve Corbera Elizalde, ICTA-UAB, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA); Federica Ravera, Universitat de Girona (UdG);

This article presents a systematic review of the literature on rural vulnerability research in order to identify the different trends related to the sources of socio-environmental vulnerability in rural Spain.

Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?

Article

Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?

October 2022

Science
Joan Benach, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, Diego F. Rojas-Gualdrón, Álvaro Padilla-Pozo, Juan Fernández-Gracia, Víctor M. Eguíluz and the COVID-SHINE group;

Did inequality exist in the research into the inequalities of covid-19? We analyse it in this comparative study focusing on research production, distribution and collaborations between countries.

The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils

Article

The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils

October 2022

Social Inclusion
Carme Montserrat, Marta Garcia-Molsosa, Pere Soler, Anna Planas, Edgar Iglesias and Paula Boned, Liberi, Universitat de Girona;

Some 93% of children have heard of gender violence. Their preferential source of information is the school setting but, if faced with a situation of gender-based violence, they are unsure whether it would be the place to find help.

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

Article

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

September 2022

Social Inclusion
Joan-Josep Vallbé and Carmen Ramírez-Folch, Department of Political Science, Universitat de Barcelona;

Are male and female judges equally likely to grant restraining orders in cases of gender-based violence? According to this study, gender alone is not a determining factor but it is a key factor, together with experience and caseload.

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

Article

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

August 2022

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics;

Does a gender gap exist in relation to household wealth? According to this study, the difference is more pronounced at advanced ages since, in old age, women have greater probabilities of being widowed and seeing their wealth limited.

Inequality and social contract

Report

Inequality and social contract

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, coordinator;

What is the extent of inequality in Spain? We present a compendium of 11 reports that tackle its determinant factors and the policies necessary for its reduction.

The STEM field is failing to attract female talent

Article

The STEM field is failing to attract female talent

July 2022

Science
Mireia Usart, Sònia Sánchez-Canut and Beatriz Lores, Universitat Rovira i Virgili;

In Spain, only 16% of STEM professionals are women.  We analyse this gender gap.

Can home care for older people be improved?

Article

Can home care for older people be improved?

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Jésica de Armas, Bruno Vieira and Helena Ramalhinho, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

Home care for elderly people should reconcile healthcare and care linked to social services. This study provides data on the application of a tool to coordinate and optimise these two types of care.

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

Article

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

June 2022

Social Inclusion
Luis Miller, Spanish National Research Council; José A. Noguera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Leire Salazar, UNED;

An experimental analysis of the preferred tax rates for different types of taxes, across a variety of taxpayer income and inheritance assumptions, and taking into account people’s perception of their own position in income distribution.