Intergenerational solidarity

Intergenerational solidarity

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Social benefits by programmes

Some 23.1% of Spain’s GDP is assigned to programmes for the care of elderly people, health, unemployment, disability, family, social exclusion and housing.

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Feminisation of care work

In Spain, 10% of women perform care work, by far exceeding the 5% of male carers.

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Participation in welfare state benefits

Between 2008 and 2018, benefits for the elderly increased, whereas benefits for families did not improve.

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Population occupation rates by age

Between 2010 and 2020, the occupation rate of the younger population decreased, while that of over 55s increased.

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Population distribution by types of household

In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%), versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

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Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Social Inclusion

In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve the incomes of families with precarious finances.

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Fertility rate

Fertility rate

Social Inclusion

The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest rate among European Union countries.