The graph shows the mathematics proficiency of non-immigrant students and of first- and second-generation children of immigrant families at age 15 years. In Spain, the performance of students of first-generation immigrant origin is 55 points below, and that of students of second-generation immigrant origin 34 points below that of non-immigrant students, which is equivalent to being behind by one year of education (the progress recorded in an academic year represents around 40 points in the tests). This gap constitutes a generalised problem in Europe, as even in the Nordic countries, whose education system is considered a model, the differences are even greater.
Preventing discrimination and social exclusion in Spain
In Spain, not all immigrant groups are perceived equally. According to this study, 35.9% of native Spaniards stated that they have positive contacts with Moroccans, while the figure increased to 59.8% in relation to people of Latin American origin.
Evolution of wage gap between native-born and migrant youth in Spain
In what way does our background affect wages? This report analyses the evolution of wage trajectories among native and immigrant young people between 2007 and 2015.
Population distribution by types of household
In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%), versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.
Child benefit design: the importance of refundable tax deductions
Child support benefits improve the economic situation of families and appear to be positive for increasing fertility rates. How can they be designed with efficiency?
An intergenerational perspective of the coronavirus crisis and the role of family policies
The covid-19 pandemic has caused a health crisis and an economic one. The two books reviewed here offer complementary perspectives on the role of family policies in times of economic decline.