The difference between the average performances of students with a higher or lower socioeconomic level, in 2015 in Spain, was 80 points in the three core skills: reading (80), science and maths (82). This is equivalent to an estimated delay of two years of teaching (the registered advancement in one school year represents around 40 points in the tests).
How Spanish and Portuguese young people use their mobile phones
Young people from both countries use their mobile phones in similar ways. However, slight differences exist between their profiles.
Attachment Style: emotional bonds condition mobile use among young people and their relational satisfaction
Young people who have established secure affective and emotional connections primarily use their phones to communicate and socialise. But what about those who use them to escape reality?
Young people’s social interactions: prominently face to face, with friends and family members, and involving little use of mobile phones
We seem to have accepted that young people interact via their phones. However, this study shows that two out of three of their social interactions are face-to-face. How and why do young people interact?
Uses, skills and attitude in digital technology fields. Does a gender gap exist?
Boys consider that they are more skilled than girls in digital technology and communication fields, whereas girls feel better prepared in ethical and security-related aspects.
The roots of inequality: intergenerational social mobility and territory
This paper analyses why Spain is one of the European countries where place of birth and parental income most condition people’s earnings.