Average age of first-time mothers
Some 34.8 of grandparents in Spain regularly care for their grandchildren,
a figure much higher than the European average.
Population occupation rates by age
Between 2010 and 2020, the occupation rate of the younger population
decreased, while that of over 55s increased.
Population distribution by types of household
In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%),
versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.
Demographic conditioning factors
Did you know that 19.6% of Spain’s population was aged over 65 in 2020?
Find out whether this figure differs greatly in the rest of Europe.
Welfare state, life cycle and demography
How does the ageing of the population affect the welfare state? The tenth
Dossier from the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” Foundation analyses
policies that must be applied throughout the life cycle to guarantee
Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents,
and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social
In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve
the incomes of families with precarious finances.
The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest
rate among European Union countries.