Demographic determinants

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Demographic determinants

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Europe, a land of hospitality for all?

Do we show the same solidarity to all refugees? In this series of seminars, co-organised with the Catalan Sociology Association, we will analyse the role of Europe as a land of hospitality.

Report

Evolution of wage gap between native-born and migrant youth in Spain

In what way does our background affect wages? This report analyses the evolution of wage trajectories among native and immigrant young people between 2007 and 2015.

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Intergenerational solidarity

Some 34.8 of grandparents in Spain regularly care for their grandchildren, a figure much higher than the European average.

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Population occupation rates by age

Between 2010 and 2020, the occupation rate of the younger population decreased, while that of over 55s increased.

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Population distribution by types of household

In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%), versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder


Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

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Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society


Social Inclusion

In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve the incomes of families with precarious finances.

Fertility rate

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Fertility rate


Social Inclusion

The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest rate among European Union countries.