Job uncertainty and income redistribution preferences

Report

Job uncertainty and income redistribution preferences

Pilar Sorribas Navarro and Claudia Serra Sala, UB IEB;
Project selected in the Call to support research projects on social inequality (LL2020_5)

Spain stands out in Europe for the high degree of duality in its labour market. Two groups of workers subject to different levels of protection were created after deregulating the use of temporary contracts in 1984: permanent contract workers and temporary workers. This duality may lead to differences in job and income insecurity and therefore preferences for income redistribution. Workers with temporary contracts demand more income redistribution, and this demand is more pronounced among workers aged 30 and over and those with lower levels of education.
Key points
  • 1
       Spain stands out for its high use of temporary contracts, with an average of 27% of workers having temporary contracts during the period 2005-2019.
  • 2
       The use of temporary contracts is particularly high among young people, with an average of 65.4% of employees under 25 years of age on temporary contracts between 2006 and 2019.
  • 3
       Spain is a country with a strong preference for redistribution, and people on temporary contracts support this even more.
  • 4
       People with temporary contracts have a greater preference for redistribution, regardless of gender, age or education, although the increase is more pronounced among those aged 30 and over and those with lower education levels.
  • 5
       The preference for redistribution in times of crisis increases for all workers, although this increase is even higher when it comes to workers with permanent contracts.
The macroeconomic situation has a stronger effect on the preference for redistribution of people with permanent contracts
The macroeconomic situation has a stronger effect on the preference for redistribution of people with permanent contracts

Difference in percentage points of the probability of stating a specific reply to the statement “the government should take measures to reduce differences in income levels” by type of contract and macroeconomic situation, 2002-2019.
 

Classification

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Report

Minimum wage, a measure in favour of a social contract

Spain’s minimum interprofessional wage increased by 29.1% between 2019 and 2020. What effects has this increase had on social welfare and on the fight against inequality?

Report

Inequality and social contract

What is the extent of inequality in Spain? We present a compendium of 11 reports that tackle its determinant factors and the policies necessary for its reduction.

Report

The roots of inequality: intergenerational social mobility and territory

This paper analyses why Spain is one of the European countries where place of birth and parental income most condition people’s earnings.

Report

Disability, inequality and income redistribution

What is the economic impact of disability? This report shows that households with at least one member with disability present lower income levels.

You may also find interesting

Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Infodata

Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder


Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Infodata

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society


Social Inclusion

In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve the incomes of families with precarious finances.

Fertility rate

Infodata

Fertility rate


Social Inclusion

The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest rate among European Union countries.