Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion
Population distribution by types of household
In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%),
versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.
Proposals to reduce child poverty
How can we put an end to the intergenerational transmission of poverty? We
analyse proposals that defend universal child benefit and other policies
that propose selective benefits for poor families with children.
Child benefit design: the importance of refundable tax deductions
Child support benefits improve the economic situation of families and
appear to be positive for increasing fertility rates. How can they be
designed with efficiency?
An intergenerational perspective of the coronavirus crisis and the role of family policies
The covid-19 pandemic has caused a health crisis and an economic one. The
two books reviewed here offer complementary perspectives on the role of
family policies in times of economic decline.
Human capital formation
Rate of early leavers from education and training in Spain and EU-27.
Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents,
and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social
In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve
the incomes of families with precarious finances.
The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest
rate among European Union countries.