How are our households made up?
Feminisation of care work
In Spain, 10% of women perform care work, by far exceeding the 5% of male
Some 34.8 of grandparents in Spain regularly care for their grandchildren,
a figure much higher than the European average.
Population occupation rates by age
Between 2010 and 2020, the occupation rate of the younger population
decreased, while that of over 55s increased.
Population distribution by types of household
In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%),
versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.
Average age of first-time mothers
On average, Spanish women have their first child at 31.1 years. Is this
higher than the European average?
Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents,
and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social
In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve
the incomes of families with precarious finances.
The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest
rate among European Union countries.