Open Access represents the immediate online and free availability of the results of research without the restrictions that are normally imposed by copyright agreements. It includes access to reviewed articles, conference papers and sets of data. This publication option seeks to improve access to the knowledge and information necessary to achieve sustained progress for society. This improved access is especially important for teaching research and the transformation of knowledge into social value.
Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain
The European Union set a target for the business sector to invest 2% of GDP in R&D. How is the convergence of Spain and Portugal towards this goal progressing?
Discussion "Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal"
What are the most decisive factors in a country’s research and innovation systems? You can see the video of the discussion we organised to debate this issue here.
The use of public engagement for technological innovation
What is society’s opinion regarding the possible impacts of science and technology? Establishing citizen participation mechanisms is necessary to generate confidence and detect points for improvement.
Expenditure on R&D by sectors
In 2019, the percentage of total public spending assigned to R&D was 1.24% in Spain and 0.82% in Portugal, both below the EU-27 average.
Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities
In Spain and Portugal, the proportion of innovative companies, and the degree to which these collaborate with other companies and organisations, is below the EU-27 average.