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The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

What are the employment prospects for after the crisis?

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
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Key points
  • 1
       The Spanish economy has not taken advantage of the economic reactivation to transform its occupational structure and create mainly jobs that require more complex and sophisticated skills.
  • 2
       Emergence from the crisis has led to growing polarisation in the probability of access to employment according to the level of educational attainment: people with low or intermediate levels of education have a lesser presence among the occupied population.
  • 3
       Although routine jobs are predominant in the Spanish economy, the need for manual skills, wage restraint and the absence of standardisation in certain tasks are protecting these jobs, at least temporarily, from being substituted by technology.
Structure of employment in Spain
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The labour market in Spain presents some specificities that have emerged with intensity during the economic reactivation of the last four years. The new jobs generated have consolidated a growing polarisation of employment according to levels of education: while occupations and profiles with higher qualifications are experiencing a substantial increase, at the same time notable growth is being experienced by types of occupation that involve routine tasks and low qualifications. This latter type of occupation, furthermore, has been prevalent among the new jobs created in recent years.

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