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Parental leave as a tool for gender equality

Gerardo Meil, chair professor of Sociology
Jesús Rogero-García, lecturer in Sociology
Pedro Romero-Balsas, lecturer in Sociology,
Autonomous University of Madrid

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder


Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

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Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society


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In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve the incomes of families with precarious finances.

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The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest rate among European Union countries.