Fringe benefits and guarantee of income: possibilities and limits

Chapter

Los complementos salariales y la garantía de ingresos: posibilidades y límites

Luis Ayala Cañón, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos; Milagros Paniagua San Martín, AIReF. Nota: este trabajo es responsabilidad exclusiva de la autora y no refleja necesariamente la opinión de la AIReF (Autoridad Independiente de Responsabilidad Fiscal).;

Una de las propuestas que más protagonismo está teniendo en el debate sobre cómo garantizar una renta a toda la sociedad es la de asignar algún tipo de complemento a los salarios. En este capítulo se identifican las principales características de los complementos salariales a partir de la revisión de los diseños, tanto propuestos en la literatura como en los países donde más se han desarrollado; se revisan distintas experiencias de complementos salariales, prestando una especial atención a los sistemas de Estados Unidos y Reino Unido, y se resume la evidencia conocida para España, incluidos los intentos que se han realizado de simulación de estas políticas.
Key points
  • 1
       El objetivo principal de estos complementos es incrementar la renta disponible de sus perceptores creando incentivos para aumentar el número de horas trabajadas.
  • 2
       Hacer descansar el grueso de la protección social en los complementos salariales o desarrollarlos sin conexión con otras prestaciones puede reducir la capacidad redistributiva del sistema.
  • 3
       En las dos últimas décadas son muchos los países que han establecido algún tipo de complemento salarial, siendo los anglosajones los primeros en desarrollar este tipo de ingresos.
  • 4
       Las experiencias de distintos países, sobre todo los anglosajones, parecen indicar que en determinadas condiciones estos complementos pueden producir efectos netos positivos sobre la participación laboral y una reducción de la incidencia de la pobreza.

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