“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

Aart Liefbroer, sociologist and researcher at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute

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Feminisation of care work

In Spain, 10% of women perform care work, by far exceeding the 5% of male carers.

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Intergenerational solidarity

Some 34.8 of grandparents in Spain regularly care for their grandchildren, a figure much higher than the European average.

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Population occupation rates by age

Between 2010 and 2020, the occupation rate of the younger population decreased, while that of over 55s increased.

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Population distribution by types of household

In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%), versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.

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Average age of first-time mothers

On average, Spanish women have their first child at 31.1 years. Is this higher than the European average?

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

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Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Social Inclusion

In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve the incomes of families with precarious finances.

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Fertility rate

Fertility rate

Social Inclusion

The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest rate among European Union countries.