The impact of covid-19 on the gender gap in hours actually worked
1Prior to the covid-19 pandemic, women occupied full-time were working on average 2.7 hours less than men, which translated into a gap of 5.3% in hours actually worked.
2Since the start of the pandemic, during the second and third quarter of 2020, the number of hours actually worked fell with respect to the same quarters of 2019. However, this phenomenon was manifested with greater intensity among men, so the gender gap in hours worked was reduced to 4.4%.
3With the outbreak of the pandemic, the number of hours worked by women exceeded that of men among skilled workers in agriculture, traditional craftspeople and skilled workers in industry and construction. However, this was only true for skilled workers who had no children or when their children were aged over 15.
4The reduction in the gender gap did not occur, however, among occupied people with children aged between 0 and 4 years as, in this case, women saw their hours actually worked reduced to a greater extent than men. The presence of small children tended to accentuate the gender gap, except in activities considered as essential.