Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

How much does Economic Hardship Contribute to Differences in Health by Education Level?

Aïda Solé-Auró, Department of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

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Aïda Solé-Auró, Department of Political and Social Sciences ,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

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PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.

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Proposals to reduce child poverty

How can we put an end to the intergenerational transmission of poverty? We analyse proposals that defend universal child benefit and other policies that propose selective benefits for poor families with children.

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Human capital formation

Rate of early leavers from education and training in Spain and EU-27.

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Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?

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Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

Infodata

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Social Inclusion

In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve the incomes of families with precarious finances.

Infodata

Fertility rate

Fertility rate

Social Inclusion

The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest rate among European Union countries.