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Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

How much does Economic Hardship Contribute to Differences in Health by Education Level?

Aïda Solé-Auró, Department of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

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Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder


Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

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Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society


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Fertility rate

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