Infodata by subject area

Expenditure on R&D by sectors

Infodata

Expenditure on R&D by sectors

April 2022

Science

In 2019, the percentage of total public spending assigned to R&D was 1.24% in Spain and 0.82% in Portugal, both below the EU-27 average.

Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities

Infodata

Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities

April 2022

Science

In Spain and Portugal, the proportion of innovative companies, and the degree to which these collaborate with other companies and organisations, is below the EU-27 average.

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

Infodata

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

April 2022

Science

While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.

Capacity for attracting international talent

Infodata

Capacity for attracting international talent

April 2022

Science

Does Portugal attract more talent than Spain? In 2020, the attraction of international talent was situated below the European average (18.7%) in the case of Spain (17.2%) and above the average (29.1%) in that of Portugal.

Scientists and engineers by sex

Infodata

Scientists and engineers by sex

April 2022

Science

Portugal, together with Denmark, is an exception within the framework of the EU-27 and has percentages of women scientists and engineers that slightly exceed the European average.

Patent applications submitted to the European Patents Office

Infodata

Patent applications submitted to the European Patents Office

April 2022

Science

Despite growth in the last 10 years, the relative position of Spain and Portugal, with regard to patent applications, is a long way behind that of countries that are leaders in innovation.

Digital Economy and Society Index

Infodata

Digital Economy and Society Index

April 2022

Science

Spain stands at the head of the countries of the EU-27 in the global computation of digital society indicators (connectivity, Internet use, etc). Portugal, however, is situated at the tail end.

Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D

Infodata

Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D

April 2022

Science

The model of governmental support for business R&D differs between Spain and Portugal, with a predominance of direct support in the case of Spain and indirect in that of Portugal.

Women researchers by sectors

Infodata

Women researchers by sectors

April 2022

Science

Spain and Portugal are situated above the European average in percentage of women researchers in all sectors considered, although the lowest participation corresponds to the business sector and the highest, to the governmental sector.

Authorship of scientific publications, by sex

Infodata

Authorship of scientific publications, by sex

April 2022

Science

Who publishes most: men or women? The percentage of women that publish in the STEM areas in Spain and Portugal is higher than the European average, which reflects that the proportion of women researchers in the academic sector, in turn, exceeds the European average.

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