Content of education

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

Article

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

September 2022

Social Inclusion
Joan-Josep Vallbé and Carmen Ramírez-Folch, Department of Political Science, Universitat de Barcelona;

Are male and female judges equally likely to grant restraining orders in cases of gender-based violence? According to this study, gender alone is not a determining factor but it is a key factor, together with experience and caseload.

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

Article

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

August 2022

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics;

Does a gender gap exist in relation to household wealth? According to this study, the difference is more pronounced at advanced ages since, in old age, women have greater probabilities of being widowed and seeing their wealth limited.

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

Article

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

June 2022

Social Inclusion
Luis Miller, Spanish National Research Council; José A. Noguera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Leire Salazar, UNED;

An experimental analysis of the preferred tax rates for different types of taxes, across a variety of taxpayer income and inheritance assumptions, and taking into account people’s perception of their own position in income distribution.

Can home care for older people be improved?

Article

Can home care for older people be improved?

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Jésica de Armas, Bruno Vieira and Helena Ramalhinho, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

Home care for elderly people should reconcile healthcare and care linked to social services. This study provides data on the application of a tool to coordinate and optimise these two types of care.

Wage inequality during the pandemic: public subsidies

Article

Wage inequality during the pandemic: public subsidies

May 2022

Social Inclusion
Oriol Aspachs, Alberto Graziano and Josep Mestres, CaixaBank Research; Rubén Durante, José García-Montalvo and Marta Reynal-Querol, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

What impact has the economic crisis caused by covid-19 had on wage inequality? Have public subsidies been sufficient? We analyse which groups have been most affected.

Democratic dilemmas posed by the pandemic, one year on

Article

Democratic dilemmas posed by the pandemic, one year on

February 2022

Social Inclusion
Jordi Muñoz, Albert Falcó-Gimeno, Francesc Amat and Andreu Arenas, Universitat de Barcelona;

A threat to public health, such as a pandemic, poses democratic dilemmas. To what extent do citizens accept the restricting of freedoms, the concentration of power, and technocratic logic in decision-making?

The impact of covid-19 on the physical and mental health of Spain’s adult population

Article

The impact of covid-19 on the physical and mental health of Spain’s adult population

December 2021

Social Inclusion
Pere Castellví Obiols, Andrea Miranda Mendizábal, Silvia Recoder Fernández, Esther Calbo Sebastián and Carlos García Forero, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya; David Leiva Ureña, Rumen Manolov and Antonio Solanas Pérez, Universitat de Barcelona; Nuria Matilla Santander, Karolinska Institute (Stockholm); Marc Casajuana Closas, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Knowing how the pandemic affected the population’s health is fundamental for understanding the challenges facing us right now. What do the figures tell us?

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

Article

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

February 2022

Social Inclusion Education
José Luis Álvarez Castillo, Hugo González González, Gemma Fernández Caminero, Luis del Espino Díaz and Carmen María Hernández Lloret, Universidad de Córdoba;

How can empathy and moral principles be encouraged to promote more inclusive citizenship? This experiment was conducted within a university context and we explain its results.

Human capital formation

Infodata

Human capital formation

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Rate of early leavers from education and training in Spain and EU-27.

Social exclusion from the labour market

Infodata

Social exclusion from the labour market

November 2021

Social Inclusion

The difference in unemployment rates between men and women in our country is larger than the European average. How has it evolved during the recent years of economic crisis?

Inequality of opportunity in educational performance in Spain and Europe

Report

Inequality of opportunity in educational performance in Spain and Europe

July 2022

Education
Gabriela Sicilia, ULL; Gustavo A. Marrero, ULL; Juan C. Palomino, University of Oxford;

What lies behind educational inequalities? Factors beyond students’ control (such as gender, background, or parents’ financial or cultural status) explain 32% of the differences in their academic performance.

Vocational Training in Catalonia: academic performance, dual VET, and gender

Article

Vocational Training in Catalonia: academic performance, dual VET, and gender

March 2022

Education
Toni Mora, IRAPP, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya; Josep-Oriol Escardíbul, IEB, Universitat de Barcelona; Pilar Pineda-Herrero, EFI, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

While women continue to opt for more socially-oriented courses, this report points out that the occupations most necessary in 2030 will be those linked to the digital economy.

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

Article

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

February 2022

Social Inclusion Education
José Luis Álvarez Castillo, Hugo González González, Gemma Fernández Caminero, Luis del Espino Díaz and Carmen María Hernández Lloret, Universidad de Córdoba;

How can empathy and moral principles be encouraged to promote more inclusive citizenship? This experiment was conducted within a university context and we explain its results.

Percentage of population with basic education and higher

Infodata

Percentage of population with basic education and higher

November 2021

Education

Education level in Spain is more polarised than in the rest of the EU. This indicator offers data that demonstrate this..

Percentage of people who, in 2017, were of the opinion that the highest education level they  had achieved was...

Infodata

Percentage of people who, in 2017, were of the opinion that the highest education level they had achieved was...

November 2021

Education

Of the Spanish population, 58% were of the opinion that they had exceeded their father’s education level and 64% thought that they had exceeded their mother’s education level.

Early leavers from education and training reflect social inequalities

Article

Early leavers from education and training reflect social inequalities

June 2021

Education
Maribel García Gracia and Albert Sánchez-Gelabert, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

What factors increase the likelihood of students dropping out? Poor grades are not the only indicator of early drop-out.

Overeducated and unhappy? Evaluation of the consequences of overeducation

Article

Overeducated and unhappy? Evaluation of the consequences of overeducation

May 2021

Education
Carmen Voces and Miguel Caínzos, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela;

In Spain, 20% of workers are overeducated for the job functions that they perform. This study analyses how this situation reduces satisfaction in the employment sphere.

Remedial education for primary-school children: a useful measure for immigrant pupils?

Article

Remedial education for primary-school children: a useful measure for immigrant pupils?

April 2021

Education
Marisa Hidalgo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide; Marianna Battaglia, Universidad de Alicante;

Do remedial education programmes aimed at students from underprivileged groups work? This study shows that they only manage to benefit immigrant pupils if the proportion of them in the school group does not exceed 50%.

Does working while studying influence graduate employability?

Article

Does working while studying influence graduate employability?

April 2021

Antonio Di Paolo and Alessia Matano, AQR-IREA, University of Barcelona;

Is it possible to secure better employment by working prior to obtaining a university qualification? This analysis shows that it is, but only if the job is related to the degree’s content.

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Article

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

March 2021

Javier Mato Díaz, Ángel Alonso Domínguez, Rosario González Arias and Israel Escudero Castillo, Universidad de Oviedo;

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

Article

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

February 2021

Education Social Inclusion
Jordi Bayona-i-Carrasco, Serra Hunter Professor, Dep. Geography (Universitat de Barcelona) and CERCA; Andreu Domingo, CERCA;

Some 23.5% of pupils of immigrant origin leave school in the transition between compulsory and post-compulsory education. We analyse the differences by pupils' migration status and sex.

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Article

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

February 2021

Education Social Inclusion
Silvia Carrasco, Jordi Pàmies, Laia Narciso and Angelina Sánchez, (EMIGRA – CER-Migracions, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona);

What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for guiding pupils.

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

Article

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

January 2021

Tomás Cano, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt and Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

According to this study, in comparison with the year 2002, in 2010 there was an increase in the time that mothers, and even more so fathers, devoted to their children. Despite this, the gender gap persists.

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

September 2020

Education
Dulce Manzano and María Fernández-Mellizo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM); Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea and Carina Bellver (StoryData);

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.  

Executive summary and conclusions

Section

Executive summary and conclusions

July 2020

Education

The welfare of the population is very much related with its possibilities for access to education. The Spanish education system is characterised by having high levels of access at early ages.

The situation in Spain

Section

The situation in Spain

July 2020

Education

At present, some 60% of Spanish people aged between 25 and 64 years have an intermediate level of education (High School, Vocational Training, or similar). Even so, early school leaving rates continue to be a concern in the country.

The situation in Europe

Section

The situation in Europe

July 2020

Education

The level of segregation by social background at Spanish schools is high in comparison with the European context. Other indicators, such as the early school leaving rate and the mastery of a foreign language, also situated us at worse levels than the European average.

Public Policies

Section

Public Policies

July 2020

Education

Spain is one of the countries in the European Union that spends the least on education. The greatest gap in the investment of resources per student occurs in the university sphere.

Methodological Appendix

Section

Methodological Appendix

July 2020

Education

Would you like to know how we calculated these indicators? View the Methodological Appendix.

Education

Report

Education

July 2020

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

Article

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

January 2020

Education
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona; Francesc Ortega, City University of New York;

The “la Caixa” Banking Foundation grants programme, which funds postgraduate studies, has a major impact on the careers of its beneficiaries. Who applies for these grants and what factors determine to whom they are awarded?

Parental involvement in education: a tool for change

Article

Parental involvement in education: a tool for change

April 2019

Education
Rubén Fernández Alonso, Universidad de Oviedo; Marcelino Cuesta, Universidad de Oviedo; Pamela Woitschach, Universidad de Oviedo; Marcos Álvarez-Díaz, Ministry of Education and Science of the Principality of Asturias;

Can the positive effects of parental involvement in education be extended to  schools? We analyse the outcomes of schools according to the types of families of the pupils that attend them.  

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

Article

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

February 2019

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC);

Will new-generation technologies substitute the most routine jobs? Discover the impact of automation on the world of work. 

Training for employed people: the need for expansion and improvement

Article

Training for employed people: the need for expansion and improvement

January 2019

Education
Andreu Lope, Autonomous University of Barcelona;

Training workers is vital for improving their employability. However, since the economic crisis, investment in training has fallen by 50% in Spain and social agents barely participate in the definition of continuous training actions.  

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

Article

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

December 2018

Education Social Inclusion
Álvaro Borja Choi de Mendizábal, Associate Professor in Economics, University of Barcelona;

How does socioeconomic inequality affect the academic progress of students? Using recent data we analyse the case of Spain and how it compares with the rest of Europe.  

“There is no real evidence to say this will be the first generation not to reach the standard of living of its parents”

Interview

“There is no real evidence to say this will be the first generation not to reach the standard of living of its parents”

November 2018

Social Inclusion Education
Robert Erikson, researcher at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) and professor at Stockholm University;

Does education really remove social barriers? Robert Erikson analyses the degree of social mobility in advanced democracies.

“Our children are perfectly at home on YouTube, but they have no idea how a vacuum cleaner works”

Interview

“Our children are perfectly at home on YouTube, but they have no idea how a vacuum cleaner works”

October 2018

Culture Education
José van Dijck, professor of the University of Utrecht. Her research area is media studies and communication;

José van Dijck reflects on how the major internet platforms are determining how we communicate, buy, and even how we behave.  

Public and private universities: evolution of productivity and impact of the crisis

Article

Public and private universities: evolution of productivity and impact of the crisis

August 2018

Education
Eva M. de la Torre García, Autonomous University of Madrid; "la Caixa” Social Observatory Award for the best article in the field of Education;

How has the economic crisis affected the productivity of universities? This article explains how public centres have reorganised their resources better than private centres and have shown greater efficiency.

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

Infodata

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

January 2018

What is the rate for early leaving of education and training by sex? The Europe 2020 Strategy has a target of 15%.

“We have undervalued the importance of personal interrelations in education”

Interview

“We have undervalued the importance of personal interrelations in education”

May 2017

Education
Alan Daly, Chair Professor and Head of the Department of Education Studies, University of California, San Diego.;

Alan Daly, Chair Professor of Education at the University of California, offers in this interview granted to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” a view of the role of personal relations in the world of education, in which he highlights the concept of social capital.

Overqualification and unemployment in young people. Pathways to employment of university graduates

Article

Overqualification and unemployment in young people. Pathways to employment of university graduates

April 2017

Education
María Ramos, Post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid;

The economic crisis experienced by Spain has led to increasing numbers of young people opting to prolong their education given the lack of job prospects. This fact has caused overqualification among young people and the consolidation of unemployment.

Educational expansion and the partial devaluation of credentials

Article

Educational expansion and the partial devaluation of credentials

October 2016

Education
Luis Ortiz, Professor of Political and Social Sciences
Jorge Rodríguez Menés, Professor of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

Has mass access of Spaniards to intermediate and higher education been associated with a deterioration in the quality of educational qualifications, as some international bodies have warned?

The Social Elevator

Article

The Social Elevator

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Miguel Requena, Chair Professor of Sociology,
UNED;

Despite its perception in recent years, education continues to be a very effective vehicle for social promotion, as well as a more significant factor than social origin in providing access to the professional classes.

Early Childhood Education

Infodata

Early Childhood Education

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

With the aim of improving parental access to the labour market, the Council of Europe is working towards all countries in the European Union achieving 33% of children enrolled in pre-school education.

Occupation and Salary Gap

Infodata

Occupation and Salary Gap

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

On average, men earn more than women for the same jobs. However, although the crisis reduced average salaries for everyone, the related growth in unemployment affected men more than women.

Education and Salaries

Infodata

Education and Salaries

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

The higher the level of education, the bigger the salary? Effectively, in 2015, the earnings of people with higher education qualifications were, on average, nearly 38% higher than those of people who had only completed intermediate education.

Education level

Infodata

Education level

September 2016

Education

What does the level of studies attained tell us about the structure of a society? Our country has a very high proportion of university graduates, but also a large percentage of people who have completed only primary education.

Education and Immigration

Infodata

Education and Immigration

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

How many students of immigrant origin are enrolled in the education system? During the 2014-2015 academic year in Spain, they represented 8.6% of total students, a low proportion in comparison with many other European countries

Structure of the Education System

Infodata

Structure of the Education System

September 2016

Education

Sometimes it is difficult to translate the language of international bodies that we use on a daily basis. What are the equivalences between the ISCED educational levels used by the UNESCO and the system used in Spain?

Social stratification and parental care: an analysis of the Spanish case

Article

Social stratification and parental care: an analysis of the Spanish case

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Pablo Gracia, Department of Sociology, University of Amsterdam;

Good parenting is fundamental for children’s development. How does parental dedication differ between social groups? Knowing the answer is essential if we want an equal society.

Towards More Inclusive Education: From Multiple Intelligences to a Passion for Learning

Review

Towards More Inclusive Education: From Multiple Intelligences to a Passion for Learning

September 2016

Education
Marta Seiz, Spanish National Research Council;

Can education reduce social inequality? These two books, which talk to us about the theory of multiple intelligences and the importance of passion and perseverance, propose educational options for working in this direction.

Education Indicators

Barometer

Education Indicators

September 2016

Education

Where is education heading? In this section the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” presents a series of indicators are presented that are key to understanding the situation of education in our society. The majority have been built using data from international databases such as the European Social Survey (ESS) or the PISA Report, among others.

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

Interview

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

September 2016

Education
Jane Waldfogel, Chair Professor of Social Work and Public Affairs,
Columbia University School;

Jane Waldfogel is Chair Professor in Social Work at the University of Columbia. In this interview, the main author of the book Too Many Children Left Behind proposes solutions for tackling differences in performance between students.

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

Review

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Dr. Michael Pratt, Psychology Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario;

These two works analyse, from the angles of psychology and sociology respectively, the increase in social opportunities for underprivileged children. The first proposes acting on the environment and the second, on individual capabilities. 

The dismal science of parenting

Review

The dismal science of parenting

September 2016

Education
Lucy Delap, University of Cambridge;

How should we care for our children? The discipline of Amy Chua, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, contrasts with the experimental extravagances of Dalton Conley and his Parentology. However, the two share a competitive vision of childhood that focuses on social approval.

Education as a Social Elevator

Dossier

Education as a Social Elevator

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

Education, research and knowledge are fundamental pillars for predicting a country’s future development. The Dossier  tackles the role of education as a social elevator and the presence of students of immigrant origin in the classroom.

Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance

Article

Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Johanna Dämmrich, European University Institute;

Pre-school education plays a fundamental role in improving reading comprehension capabilities in primary and secondary school, especially among immigrant students. This is shown by the results in the three countries analysed: Spain, Norway and Sweden. 

Skills Acquisition in Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Students

Article

Skills Acquisition in Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Students

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Jorge Calero, Chair Professor of Applied Economics
Josep Oriol Escardíbul, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Barcelona;

The admission of immigrant students in the classroom has represented a significant change for the Spanish education system. Are there differences in the results of immigrant and non-immigrant students? Why?

"la Caixa" Pro-Childhood Programme

Best practices

"la Caixa" Pro-Childhood Programme

August 2016

Jordi Riera Romaní, Vice Chancellor of Academic Policy. Ramon Llull University;

How can equal opportunities be guaranteed for children and young people at risk of social exclusion? We analyze the current results and future challenges posed by comprehensive education inside and outside of the school. 

There are no results.