Content of education

Inequality in income distribution

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

November 2021

Social Inclusion

The redistributive effect of social transfers is lower in Spain than in the EU-27.

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Under 18s are the age group with the highest percentage of population at risk of poverty and social exclusion.

Level of economic development

Infodata

Level of economic development

November 2021

Social Inclusion

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. 

Demographic determinants

Infodata

Demographic determinants

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Population changes can occur due to variations in the population caused by natural changes and migratory movements.

Balancing the welfare state

Article

Balancing the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Concepció Patxot and Gianko Michailidis, Universitat de Barcelona;

Is the welfare state biased in favour of elderly people? This article analyses the financial sustainability of the current system.

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

Article

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Ronald Lee, CEDA, University of California, Berkeley; Andrew Mason, University of Hawaii, co-founders of the NTA project;

How can the experience of the developed world help other regions of the planet that are in earlier phases of demographic transition?

Why don’t women have all the children they say they want?

Article

Why don’t women have all the children they say they want?

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Alícia Adserà, Princeton University; Mariona Lozano, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics, UAB;

Spain is one of EU countries with the highest proportion of childless women. Why?

Intergenerational equity as a guarantee of social well-being

Article

Intergenerational equity as a guarantee of social well-being

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Gemma Abio, Concepció Patxot and Meritxell Solé, Universitat de Barcelona; Elisenda Rentería, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Guadalupe Souto, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

How are resources transferred between generations? This article gives you the keys to understanding this issue.

Individual and collective responsibility within the context  of the covid-19 pandemic

Article

Individual and collective responsibility within the context of the covid-19 pandemic

October 2021

Social Inclusion
Magdalena Bobowik, Utrecht University and Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Mirjana Rupar and Maciej Sekerdej, Jagiellonian University; Elia Soler Pastor, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Maitane Arnoso, Universidad del País Vasco; Djouaria Ghilani, Free University of Brussels; Foroogh Ghorbani and Silvia Mari, University of Milano-Bicocca; Borja Martinovic, Utrecht University;

To fight the pandemic, identifying the psychological factors that influence citizens’ attitudes is fundamental. This study reveals what Spanish people feel responsible for.

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

Article

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

October 2021

Social Inclusion
Diego Dueñas Fernández, Universidad de Alcalá; Raquel Llorente Heras, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; Luis Gómez Rufián, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Which sectors of the population were most affected by ERTES and EREs in 2020? This article analyses the effects that they had on Spain's labour market.

 

Inequality of opportunity in educational performance in Spain and Europe

Report

Inequality of opportunity in educational performance in Spain and Europe

July 2022

Education
Gabriela Sicilia, ULL; Gustavo A. Marrero, ULL; Juan C. Palomino, University of Oxford;

What lies behind educational inequalities? Factors beyond students’ control (such as gender, background, or parents’ financial or cultural status) explain 32% of the differences in their academic performance.

Vocational Training in Catalonia: academic performance, dual VET, and gender

Article

Vocational Training in Catalonia: academic performance, dual VET, and gender

March 2022

Education
Toni Mora, IRAPP, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya; Josep-Oriol Escardíbul, IEB, Universitat de Barcelona; Pilar Pineda-Herrero, EFI, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

While women continue to opt for more socially-oriented courses, this report points out that the occupations most necessary in 2030 will be those linked to the digital economy.

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

Article

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

February 2022

Social Inclusion Education
José Luis Álvarez Castillo, Hugo González González, Gemma Fernández Caminero, Luis del Espino Díaz and Carmen María Hernández Lloret, Universidad de Córdoba;

How can empathy and moral principles be encouraged to promote more inclusive citizenship? This experiment was conducted within a university context and we explain its results.

Percentage of population with basic education and higher

Infodata

Percentage of population with basic education and higher

November 2021

Education

Education level in Spain is more polarised than in the rest of the EU. This indicator offers data that demonstrate this..

Percentage of people who, in 2017, were of the opinion that the highest education level they  had achieved was...

Infodata

Percentage of people who, in 2017, were of the opinion that the highest education level they had achieved was...

November 2021

Education

Of the Spanish population, 58% were of the opinion that they had exceeded their father’s education level and 64% thought that they had exceeded their mother’s education level.

Early leavers from education and training reflect social inequalities

Article

Early leavers from education and training reflect social inequalities

June 2021

Education
Maribel García Gracia and Albert Sánchez-Gelabert, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

What factors increase the likelihood of students dropping out? Poor grades are not the only indicator of early drop-out.

Overeducated and unhappy? Evaluation of the consequences of overeducation

Article

Overeducated and unhappy? Evaluation of the consequences of overeducation

May 2021

Education
Carmen Voces and Miguel Caínzos, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela;

In Spain, 20% of workers are overeducated for the job functions that they perform. This study analyses how this situation reduces satisfaction in the employment sphere.

Remedial education for primary-school children: a useful measure for immigrant pupils?

Article

Remedial education for primary-school children: a useful measure for immigrant pupils?

April 2021

Education
Marisa Hidalgo, Universidad Pablo de Olavide; Marianna Battaglia, Universidad de Alicante;

Do remedial education programmes aimed at students from underprivileged groups work? This study shows that they only manage to benefit immigrant pupils if the proportion of them in the school group does not exceed 50%.

Does working while studying influence graduate employability?

Article

Does working while studying influence graduate employability?

April 2021

Antonio Di Paolo and Alessia Matano, AQR-IREA, University of Barcelona;

Is it possible to secure better employment by working prior to obtaining a university qualification? This analysis shows that it is, but only if the job is related to the degree’s content.

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Article

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

March 2021

Javier Mato Díaz, Ángel Alonso Domínguez, Rosario González Arias and Israel Escudero Castillo, Universidad de Oviedo;

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

Article

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

February 2021

Education Social Inclusion
Jordi Bayona-i-Carrasco, Serra Hunter Professor, Dep. Geography (Universitat de Barcelona) and CERCA; Andreu Domingo, CERCA;

Some 23.5% of pupils of immigrant origin leave school in the transition between compulsory and post-compulsory education. We analyse the differences by pupils' migration status and sex.

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Article

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

February 2021

Education Social Inclusion
Silvia Carrasco, Jordi Pàmies, Laia Narciso and Angelina Sánchez, (EMIGRA – CER-Migracions, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona);

What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for guiding pupils.

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

Article

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

January 2021

Tomás Cano, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt and Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

According to this study, in comparison with the year 2002, in 2010 there was an increase in the time that mothers, and even more so fathers, devoted to their children. Despite this, the gender gap persists.

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

September 2020

Education
Dulce Manzano and María Fernández-Mellizo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM); Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea and Carina Bellver (StoryData);

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.  

Executive summary and conclusions

Section

Executive summary and conclusions

July 2020

Education

The welfare of the population is very much related with its possibilities for access to education. The Spanish education system is characterised by having high levels of access at early ages.

The situation in Spain

Section

The situation in Spain

July 2020

Education

At present, some 60% of Spanish people aged between 25 and 64 years have an intermediate level of education (High School, Vocational Training, or similar). Even so, early school leaving rates continue to be a concern in the country.

The situation in Europe

Section

The situation in Europe

July 2020

Education

The level of segregation by social background at Spanish schools is high in comparison with the European context. Other indicators, such as the early school leaving rate and the mastery of a foreign language, also situated us at worse levels than the European average.

Public Policies

Section

Public Policies

July 2020

Education

Spain is one of the countries in the European Union that spends the least on education. The greatest gap in the investment of resources per student occurs in the university sphere.

Methodological Appendix

Section

Methodological Appendix

July 2020

Education

Would you like to know how we calculated these indicators? View the Methodological Appendix.

Education

Report

Education

July 2020

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

There are no results.