Content with the tag: I+D

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

Article

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

April 2022

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez, CSIC Institute of Public Goods and Policies, Madrid, Spain;Tiago Santos Pereira, Centre for Social Studies (CES) of the University of Coimbra, Portugal

The European Union set a target for the business sector to invest 2% of GDP in R&D. How is the convergence of Spain and Portugal towards this goal progressing?

The use of public engagement for technological innovation

Best practices

The use of public engagement for technological innovation

April 2022

Science

What is society’s opinion regarding the possible impacts of science and technology? Establishing citizen participation mechanisms is necessary to generate confidence and detect points for improvement.

Expenditure on R&D by sectors

Infodata

Expenditure on R&D by sectors

April 2022

Science

In 2019, the percentage of total public spending assigned to R&D was 1.24% in Spain and 0.82% in Portugal, both below the EU-27 average.

Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities

Infodata

Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities

April 2022

Science

In Spain and Portugal, the proportion of innovative companies, and the degree to which these collaborate with other companies and organisations, is below the EU-27 average.

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

Infodata

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

April 2022

Science

While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.

Capacity for attracting international talent

Infodata

Capacity for attracting international talent

April 2022

Science

Does Portugal attract more talent than Spain? In 2020, the attraction of international talent was situated below the European average (18.7%) in the case of Spain (17.2%) and above the average (29.1%) in that of Portugal.

Scientists and engineers by sex

Infodata

Scientists and engineers by sex

April 2022

Science

Portugal, together with Denmark, is an exception within the framework of the EU-27 and has percentages of women scientists and engineers that slightly exceed the European average.

Patent applications submitted to the European Patents Office

Infodata

Patent applications submitted to the European Patents Office

April 2022

Science

Despite growth in the last 10 years, the relative position of Spain and Portugal, with regard to patent applications, is a long way behind that of countries that are leaders in innovation.

Digital Economy and Society Index

Infodata

Digital Economy and Society Index

April 2022

Science

Spain stands at the head of the countries of the EU-27 in the global computation of digital society indicators (connectivity, Internet use, etc). Portugal, however, is situated at the tail end.

Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D

Infodata

Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D

April 2022

Science

The model of governmental support for business R&D differs between Spain and Portugal, with a predominance of direct support in the case of Spain and indirect in that of Portugal.

Women researchers by sectors

Infodata

Women researchers by sectors

April 2022

Science

Spain and Portugal are situated above the European average in percentage of women researchers in all sectors considered, although the lowest participation corresponds to the business sector and the highest, to the governmental sector.

Authorship of scientific publications, by sex

Infodata

Authorship of scientific publications, by sex

April 2022

Science

Who publishes most: men or women? The percentage of women that publish in the STEM areas in Spain and Portugal is higher than the European average, which reflects that the proportion of women researchers in the academic sector, in turn, exceeds the European average.

Women inventors

Infodata

Women inventors

April 2022

Science

Who invents most: men or women?  The proportion in Spain is one in every five inventors and in Portugal, one in every four. Do they exceed the European average?

Eco-Innovation Index

Infodata

Eco-Innovation Index

April 2022

Science

Spain is among the leading countries in environmental innovation, while Portugal is in an intermediate position.

Changes in scientific assessment systems

Best practices

Changes in scientific assessment systems

April 2022

Science

How should science be evaluated? Does the possibility exist of using other criteria beyond bibliometric impacts, which value different facets of the social impact of research?

The Challenge-Driven Innovation programme

Best practices

The Challenge-Driven Innovation programme

April 2022

Science

Challenge-Driven Innovation is a research funding programme that is pioneering in Europe due to its multidisciplinary, intersectoral and challenge-oriented focus.

Tools and resources for safeguarding ethics and improving integrity in scientific research

Best practices

Tools and resources for safeguarding ethics and improving integrity in scientific research

April 2022

Science

One of the great current challenges in research is process integrity and the reliability of results. What reforms are taking place in this area?

The Patient Innovation platform

Best practices

The Patient Innovation platform

April 2022

Science

Successful experiences such as the Patient Innovation Platform confirm that the future of innovation in health involves connecting patients, carers and other agents from the care sector.

CaixaResearch Institute, a new health and life sciences research and innovation centre

Best practices

CaixaResearch Institute, a new health and life sciences research and innovation centre

April 2022

Science

International excellence, strong support for innovation and transfer and bringing science closer to society. CaixaResearch Institute symbolises the commitment of the ”la Caixa” Foundation to supporting biomedical research.

The role of science and technology in the configuration of Spain and Portugal over the last five centuries

Review

The role of science and technology in the configuration of Spain and Portugal over the last five centuries

April 2022

Science
Leoncio López-Ocón, CSIC Institute of History (IH-CSIC);Tiago Brandão, NOVA FCSH

How has science developed in Spain and Portugal and how has it influenced the construction of the Iberian nations?  The two books reviewed here analyse the subject.

“Research can’t be simply turned on and off like a tap; it requires investment in the long term”

Interview

“Research can’t be simply turned on and off like a tap; it requires investment in the long term”

April 2022

Science

Andrew W. Wyckoff, the OECD’s current director of Science, Technology and Innovation, reviews the major challenges posed by the digital transformation in the economic, social and educational sphere. 

Human resources for research in Spain and Portugal

Article

Human resources for research in Spain and Portugal

April 2022

Science
Laura Cruz Castro, Luis Sanz Menéndez, Cláudia Sarrico and Tiago Santos Pereira

People who work in research are a pillar of the system. Are the working conditions of this sector favourable in Spain and Portugal or are they forcing a brain drain?

Science-business links in Portugal and Spain: untapped potential for innovation?

Article

Science-business links in Portugal and Spain: untapped potential for innovation?

April 2022

Science
Manuel Mira Godinho, José Guimón, Catalina Martínez and Joana Mendonça

In Spain and Portugal, only 6% of PhD holders work in the business sector. There is a broad margin for improvement in the relationship between science and business.

Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal

Dossier

Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal

April 2022

Science

What are the factors that define a country’s research and innovation system? The eleventh Dossier from the Social Observatory of the ”la Caixa” Foundation analyses the case of Spain and Portugal in international comparison.

“Diversity makes science better”

Interview

“Diversity makes science better”

October 2019

Science Social Inclusion
Elizabeth Rasekoala, President of African Gong

Elizabeth Rasekoala, President of African Gong, defends the importance of science as a tool for social transformation and talks to us about the need for acquiring basic scientific literacy in order to be able to think critically.

“More must be done to ensure that the investment that we are making in research is really delivering what we need”

Interview

“More must be done to ensure that the investment that we are making in research is really delivering what we need”

February 2019

Science
James Wilsdon, professor of research policy at the University of Sheffield

How should the social impact of research be measured? James Wilsdon, professor at the University of Sheffield, talks to  us about the need for “responsible metrics”. 

Elderly people (65-74 years) and new technologies

Infodata

Elderly people (65-74 years) and new technologies

May 2018

Social Inclusion

Over the course of the last decade, the number of elderly people who make use of new technologies has not ceased to grow. By 2017, some 28% were sending messages via electronic means.

«If we are capable of living healthily, living more years does not mean more dependency»

Interview

«If we are capable of living healthily, living more years does not mean more dependency»

March 2018

Science
María Blasco, Director of the National Centre for Oncological Research (CNIO)

María Blasco, director of Spain's National Centre for Oncological Research,  shares with the  Social Observatory of "la Caixa" her view on how to extend healthy life years and the possible consequences in society.

“You must not measure everybody using the same set of criteria”

Interview

“You must not measure everybody using the same set of criteria”

March 2018

Science

Paul Wouters, director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at the University of Leiden, talks with the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” about new tendencies in research evaluation.

The State and the Innovation Effort

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

September 2017

Science
Melanie Smallman, University College, London

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives. 

The present and the future lie in science and innovation

Interview

The present and the future lie in science and innovation

September 2017

Science
Spain’s Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation

Spain’s Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation, Carmen Vela, describes in this interview the strengths of the current system and highlights those fronts being worked on with regard to the medium and long term.

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

Article

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

September 2017

Science
Aina Gallego, Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals

Historically, technology has transformed many professions. How will technological development affect future employment? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses the situation in Spain with regard to “risk of computerisation”.

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

Article

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

September 2017

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro, Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens' attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

Article

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

September 2017

Science
Paloma Miravitlles, Fariza Achcaoucaou, Ana Núñez-Carballosa and Laura Guitart-Tarrés, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Barcelona

On the global economic map drawn up by the financial crisis of 2008, the emerging countries are displacing the developed countries in the attracting of foreign investment in R&D. What factors influence this phenomenon and how does it affect countries such as Spain?

What does society think of science and technology?

Infodata

What does society think of science and technology?

September 2017

Science

In what areas will science and technological innovation have a positive impact in the next 15 years? The view of citizens.

Open access to science

Infodata

Open access to science

September 2017

Science

Open Access means the online and free availability of the results of research. In Spain, the proportion of accessible and restriction-free documents stands above the European Union average.

How equitable is science?

Infodata

How equitable is science?

September 2017

Science

This indicator offers a view of the distribution of university research work between men and women. Women represent just 21% of chair professors.

Intensive use of human capital

Infodata

Intensive use of human capital

September 2017

Science

What is the percentage of people employed in knowledge-intensive activities? In Spain, approximately a third of the population, slightly below the European average.

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

Infodata

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

September 2017

Science

How many students aged over 15 years have excellent results in sciences and how many hope to undertake a research-related career? In 2015, some 28.6% of Spanish students wanted to work in a scientific profession.

Eco-innovation index (2015)

Infodata

Eco-innovation index (2015)

September 2017

Science

This indicator shows a view of innovation from an economic, environmental and social perspective. In 2015, the Spanish eco-innovation index was situated above that of the European Union.

Applications for patents and for patents in social challenges

Infodata

Applications for patents and for patents in social challenges

September 2017

Science

The total number of applications for patents is an indicator of companies' innovation effort. Specifically, those focusing on societal challenges measure the level of application of technology related with the environment and health.

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

Infodata

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

September 2017

Science

What are the possibilities for innovative ideas reaching the market in each country? In 2014, Sweden was the European Union country with the highest transfer of innovation to the market, whereas Portugal occupied the opposite position.

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

Infodata

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

September 2017

Science

This index allows comparison of the level of innovation in different regions. Measuring variables such as infrastructures, business activity or tangible results, it shows that in Spain there is still much work to be done.

How much do countries invest in R&D?

Infodata

How much do countries invest in R&D?

September 2017

Science

How much do countries invest in R&D? In more dynamic economies, the business sector is the major funder, whereas in Southern Europe, the governments lead investment.

“Science issues are increasingly pressing civic issues”

Interview

“Science issues are increasingly pressing civic issues”

June 2017

Science
Lee Rainie and Cary Funk, Pew Research Center.

We interview Lee Rainie and Cary Funk, the heads of Internet, Science and Technology research at the Pew Research Center, the USA’s most prestigious fact tank.

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

Interview

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

June 2017

Science
Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA (Autonomous University of Barcelona - UAB)

"What purpose does science serve in current times? Is it for the common good or for the benefit of just a few? Science needs to learn humility and be prepared to admit it when a solution cannot be given.” Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA Barcelona, talks about the current crisis affecting science and its possible solutions.

Is research responding to health needs?

Article

Is research responding to health needs?

March 2017

Science
Ismael Ràfols, Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València;Alfredo Yegros, University of Leiden (Netherlands)

How can we ensure that biomedical research is aligned with social needs? This article from the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses how resources could be assigned efficiently.

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

Article

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

September 2016

Science
Reinhilde Veugelers, Senior Fellow,
Bruegel Institute

Public investment in R & D is one of the pillars of knowledge-based economies. How can we ensure that this effort is applied intelligently? What do governments need to know to support the investments with  greater social return?

There are no results.