Content with the tag: género
Uses, skills and attitude in digital technology fields. Does a gender gap exist?
Boys consider that they are more skilled than girls in digital technology and communication fields, whereas girls feel better prepared in ethical and security-related aspects.
The role of schools in detecting gender violence
Sixty-eight per cent of minors who are exposed to gender violence in the home say nothing in the academic setting and teaching staff only perceive it if evident signs of violence exist. How can an effective model for the prevention of sexist violence be drawn up for primary and secondary schools?
The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils
Some 93% of children have heard of gender violence. Their preferential source of information is the school setting but, if faced with a situation of gender-based violence, they are unsure whether it would be the place to find help.
PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex
While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.
Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women
Despite a slight increase in participation by men, this study shows that housework and childcare represented a heavier workload for women during the lockdown.
Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women
How do families solve the problem of balancing work and family life when school finishes for the summer? Women bear the brunt in the labour sphere.
Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?
Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?
What is the value of domestic work in Spain?
Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP.
How many people do we know?
According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?
Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?
According to this study, following new additions to the family only 4% of fathers requested reduced working hours, versus 37.7% of mothers.
“Diversity makes science better”
Elizabeth Rasekoala, President of African Gong, defends the importance of science as a tool for social transformation and talks to us about the need for acquiring basic scientific literacy in order to be able to think critically.
Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:
Diet, leisure, housing conditions… do children who live in single-parent households suffer greater material deprivation? We analyse what influence income level and gender have.
Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness
Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.
Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?
An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.
Women live more years, but not always with health and happiness
Is living longer synonymous with good health? The following study compares, within the European context, life expectancy and happiness among men and women.
How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?
When the number of female breadwinner couples increases, the division of household chores should be more equitable. Is this really true or do women continue to shoulder a greater workload?
Ageing in rural areas: an opportunity to change gender relations?
Ageing and the care of elderly people in rural areas pose a challenge and an opportunity for change: with an ever older and increasingly male population, men will have to become more involved in the caregiver role, traditionally associated with women.
“Reablement is a new way of working, with the aim of improving elderly people’s independence.”
Tine Rostgaard, a lecturer in Citizenship and Elderly People in Denmark, introduces in this interview the concept of reablement and explains how work is being done in other countries to stimulate the elderly people’s independence.
Dependence for personal care
How many people aged over 65 years have difficulties in performing some of the basic activities of everyday life? In our country, 33% of people aged over 65 years have problems washing themselves independently.
The economic position of elderly people
Are there differences between the percentage of men and women aged over 60 years that are at risk of poverty? In Spain gender differences in the poverty risk rate among people aged over 60 years have practically disappeared.
In what type of households do elderly people live?
What are the most common living arrangements for elderly people? In Spain, the percentage of those living alone or with their partner is lower in comparison with our peer countries.
Is living more years synonymous with greater quality of life?
From the age of 65 years onwards, men live healthily for a longer time than women do. What is happening in our peer countries?
Participation in studies related with culture by gender
In all the countries, courses related with culture involved more women than men in 2015. In Spain, 57.8% of students with culture-related qualifications were women.
Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship
A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.
How equitable is science?
This indicator offers a view of the distribution of university research work between men and women. Women represent just 21% of chair professors.
Los permisos parentales como instrumentos para la igualdad de genero
Jesús Rogero-García, lecturer in Sociology
Pedro Romero-Balsas, lecturer in Sociology,
Autonomous University of Madrid;
Today, thanks to policies aimed at reconciling working life and family life, increasing numbers of men are taking parental leave to be able to raise their newborn children. These new policies represent progress towards gender equality, but in Spain a significant difference still exists between men and women in the usage they make of parental leave entitlements.
Occupation and Salary Gap
On average, men earn more than women for the same jobs. However, although the crisis reduced average salaries for everyone, the related growth in unemployment affected men more than women.
Education and Salaries
The higher the level of education, the bigger the salary? Effectively, in 2015, the earnings of people with higher education qualifications were, on average, nearly 38% higher than those of people who had only completed intermediate education.
Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona;
To what measure do differences in educational level and gender result in a greater or lesser degree of poverty? Despite the advances in healthcare, education and income that have taken place in Spain, inequalities persist based on people’s level of education.