Content with the tag: economía

Job uncertainty and income redistribution preferences

Report

Job uncertainty and income redistribution preferences

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Pilar Sorribas Navarro and Claudia Serra Sala, UB IEB

The duality between temporary and permanent contracts conditions the labour market in Spain and causes differences in job security and income. What impact does this have on people’s redistribution preferences?

Disability, inequality and income redistribution

Report

Disability, inequality and income redistribution

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, Salvador Pérez and Fernando Morilla, University of Málaga

What is the economic impact of disability? This report shows that households with at least one member with disability present lower income levels.

Capital income and income inequality in Spain, 1980-2020

Report

Capital income and income inequality in Spain, 1980-2020

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Miguel Artola Blanco, Carlos III University of Madrid;Clara Martínez-Toledano, Imperial College London;Alice Sodano, Paris School of Economics

Why does Spain present income inequality levels higher than the European average? Differences in income between age groups and the concentration of capital among the richest groups are some of the causes.   

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

Article

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

June 2022

Social Inclusion
Luis Miller, Spanish National Research Council;José A. Noguera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;Leire Salazar, UNED

An experimental analysis of the preferred tax rates for different types of taxes, across a variety of taxpayer income and inheritance assumptions, and taking into account people’s perception of their own position in income distribution.

Digital Economy and Society Index

Infodata

Digital Economy and Society Index

April 2022

Science

Spain stands at the head of the countries of the EU-27 in the global computation of digital society indicators (connectivity, Internet use, etc). Portugal, however, is situated at the tail end.

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

Article

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Ronald Lee, CEDA, University of California, Berkeley;Andrew Mason, University of Hawaii, co-founders of the NTA project

How can the experience of the developed world help other regions of the planet that are in earlier phases of demographic transition?

Inequality in income distribution

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

November 2021

Social Inclusion

The redistributive effect of social transfers is lower in Spain than in the EU-27.

Level of economic development

Infodata

Level of economic development

November 2021

Social Inclusion

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. 

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

Article

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

October 2021

Social Inclusion
Diego Dueñas Fernández, Universidad de Alcalá;Raquel Llorente Heras, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid;Luis Gómez Rufián, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Which sectors of the population were most affected by ERTES and EREs in 2020? This article analyses the effects that they had on Spain's labour market.

 

The divide between retro-capitalism and turbo-capitalism

Report

The divide between retro-capitalism and turbo-capitalism

September 2021

Social Inclusion
Jordi Sevilla and Miguel Marín, economists

Globalisation and the rapid technological and digital transformation has resulted in two coexisting economic models: “turbo-capitalism”, which works with international logic, and “retro-capitalism”, which adopts the old logic of protectionist capitalism.

Why we should be concerned about increased wealth inequality in Spain

Article

Why we should be concerned about increased wealth inequality in Spain

July 2021

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics (CED) - CERCA

Individuals in low-income households are increasingly more likely to have no wealth or have debt. Between 2002 and 2017, the share of individuals living in households that had debt increased from 3% to 9%.

Why do we pay (or not pay) the taxes established by law?

Article

Why do we pay (or not pay) the taxes established by law?

July 2021

Social Inclusion
Edurne Bartolomé Peral, University of Deusto;Hermann Dülmer, Universität zu Köln;Lluís Coromina i Soler, Universitat de Girona

What personal factors determine the decision to evade taxes? This article shows that over half of the Spanish population shows little inclination towards fraud.

Regularising the situation of the immigrant population does not result in a “call ef-fect”

Article

Regularising the situation of the immigrant population does not result in a “call ef-fect”

June 2021

Social Inclusion
Joan Monràs, UPF, Barcelona GSE;Javier Vázquez-Grenno and Ferran Elias, UB;Adaptation: Albert F. Arcarons (EUI)

What were the consequences of the regularisation, in 2005, of 600,000 non-EU immigrants who were working in Spain? This study reveals that it did not lead to any “call effect”, but did lead to increased tax revenues.

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

March 2021

Social Inclusion
M. Àngels Cabasés, Miquel Úbeda and M. Jesús Gómez, Universitat de Lleida;Carles Feixa and José Sánchez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Carme Riera, Universitat de Barcelona

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

October 2020

Science Social Inclusion
Ignacio González, Agencia Estatal de Administración Tributaria;Alfonso Mateos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid;Adapted by: Eli Vivas and Carina Bellver (StoryData)

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

Article

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

October 2020

Social Inclusion
Dirk Foremny, Universitat de Barcelona

People have important misperceptions regarding the level of taxes that they pay. Does knowing more change what we think about redistribution?

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED;M. José González, UPF

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona;Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza;Adapted by Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Article

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies)

Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP. 

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford)

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

February 2019

Culture
David Throsby, Professor of Economics, Macquarie University, Australia

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.  

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

Article

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

September 2018

Social Inclusion
Ramón Alós Moner, Centre for Sociological Studies on Everyday Life and Work (QUIT) and Institute of Work Studies (IET), of the Autonomous University of Barcelona

A predominance of low-added value employment, lack of investment in innovation and precarious conditions for workers are distancing Spain from the knowledge economy. How can this situation be corrected?

Economic dependency of the elderly population with respect to the younger generations

Infodata

Economic dependency of the elderly population with respect to the younger generations

May 2018

Social Inclusion

By 2030, for every 100 people of working age there will be 40 who are economically dependent or at an inactive age. Will this proportion increase with time?

Employment in the cultural sector

Infodata

Employment in the cultural sector

January 2018

Culture

How many people work in the cultural sector? In 2015, the cultural sector employed 2.5% of the population of Spain. This figure is lower than the European average.

Economic activity generated in the cultural sector

Infodata

Economic activity generated in the cultural sector

January 2018

Culture

What is the impact of cultural activity on the economy? In 2014, services companies in Spain working in the cultural activity sector represented 3.73% of the total economy.

Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

Article

Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

January 2018

Culture
Juan Prieto Rodríguez, María José Pérez Villadóniga and Sara Suárez Fernández, University of Oviedo

This article from the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" analyses the role played by education and income in people’s participation in cultural activities of different types.

“One of the functions of art is to open up debates in society”

Interview

“One of the functions of art is to open up debates in society”

January 2018

Culture
Jen Snowball, Professor, Department of Economics and Economic History, Rhodes University

In this interview with the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" Jen Snowball shares her reflections on the value created by the art and culture sector and the concept of “culturally sustainable development”.

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

Review

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

November 2017

Culture
Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom

The two books reviewed share concerns regarding the decline of the USA and show the problems facing the country. From different perspectives, both reach the same diagnosis regarding American society and the danger that threatens democracy.

«Creative work favours innovation and, therefore, growth»

Interview

«Creative work favours innovation and, therefore, growth»

November 2017

Culture
Hasan Bakhshi, Director de Industrias Creativas, NESTA

In this interview granted to the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, Hasan Bakhshi shares his reflections on the creative economy and on the value of culture as an element that generates wellbeing, wealth and social cohesion.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex;Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

The State and the Innovation Effort

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

September 2017

Science
Melanie Smallman, University College, London

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives. 

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

September 2017

Social Inclusion
Elisenda Rentería, Centre for Demographic Studies researcher;Rosario Scandurra, UB;Guadalupe Souto, UAB;Concepció Patxot, UB

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

Article

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

September 2017

Science
Aina Gallego, Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals

Historically, technology has transformed many professions. How will technological development affect future employment? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses the situation in Spain with regard to “risk of computerisation”.

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

Article

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

September 2017

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro, Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens' attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

Article

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

September 2017

Science
Paloma Miravitlles, Fariza Achcaoucaou, Ana Núñez-Carballosa and Laura Guitart-Tarrés, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Barcelona

On the global economic map drawn up by the financial crisis of 2008, the emerging countries are displacing the developed countries in the attracting of foreign investment in R&D. What factors influence this phenomenon and how does it affect countries such as Spain?

How equitable is science?

Infodata

How equitable is science?

September 2017

Science

This indicator offers a view of the distribution of university research work between men and women. Women represent just 21% of chair professors.

Intensive use of human capital

Infodata

Intensive use of human capital

September 2017

Science

What is the percentage of people employed in knowledge-intensive activities? In Spain, approximately a third of the population, slightly below the European average.

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

Infodata

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

September 2017

Science

What are the possibilities for innovative ideas reaching the market in each country? In 2014, Sweden was the European Union country with the highest transfer of innovation to the market, whereas Portugal occupied the opposite position.

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

Infodata

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

September 2017

Science

This index allows comparison of the level of innovation in different regions. Measuring variables such as infrastructures, business activity or tangible results, it shows that in Spain there is still much work to be done.

How much do countries invest in R&D?

Infodata

How much do countries invest in R&D?

September 2017

Science

How much do countries invest in R&D? In more dynamic economies, the business sector is the major funder, whereas in Southern Europe, the governments lead investment.

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

August 2017

Social Inclusion
Joan Costa-Font, London School of Economics

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

Article

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

August 2017

Science
Fernando Prieto, Sustainability Observatory

Forest fires are a recurring problem that destroy tens of thousands of hectares of woodland every year. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse sustainable solutions for the long term within a "green employment strategy". 

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

Interview

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

June 2017

Culture
John W. O’Hagan, Trinity College, Dublín

In this interview, John O’Hagan explains the numerous benefits that the arts bring to society, from their contribution to the formation of a collective identity to their positive impact on the economy.

There are no results.