Content with the tag: economía

Job uncertainty and income redistribution preferences

Report

Job uncertainty and income redistribution preferences

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Pilar Sorribas Navarro and Claudia Serra Sala, UB IEB;

The duality between temporary and permanent contracts conditions the labour market in Spain and causes differences in job security and income. What impact does this have on people’s redistribution preferences?

Disability, inequality and income redistribution

Report

Disability, inequality and income redistribution

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, Salvador Pérez and Fernando Morilla, University of Málaga;

What is the economic impact of disability? This report shows that households with at least one member with disability present lower income levels.

Capital income and income inequality in Spain, 1980-2020

Report

Capital income and income inequality in Spain, 1980-2020

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Miguel Artola Blanco, Carlos III University of Madrid; Clara Martínez-Toledano, Imperial College London; Alice Sodano, Paris School of Economics;

Why does Spain present income inequality levels higher than the European average? Differences in income between age groups and the concentration of capital among the richest groups are some of the causes.   

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

Article

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

June 2022

Social Inclusion
Luis Miller, Spanish National Research Council; José A. Noguera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Leire Salazar, UNED;

An experimental analysis of the preferred tax rates for different types of taxes, across a variety of taxpayer income and inheritance assumptions, and taking into account people’s perception of their own position in income distribution.

Digital Economy and Society Index

Infodata

Digital Economy and Society Index

April 2022

Science

Spain stands at the head of the countries of the EU-27 in the global computation of digital society indicators (connectivity, Internet use, etc). Portugal, however, is situated at the tail end.

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

Article

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Ronald Lee, CEDA, University of California, Berkeley; Andrew Mason, University of Hawaii, co-founders of the NTA project;

How can the experience of the developed world help other regions of the planet that are in earlier phases of demographic transition?

Inequality in income distribution

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

November 2021

Social Inclusion

The redistributive effect of social transfers is lower in Spain than in the EU-27.

Level of economic development

Infodata

Level of economic development

November 2021

Social Inclusion

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. 

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

Article

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

October 2021

Social Inclusion
Diego Dueñas Fernández, Universidad de Alcalá; Raquel Llorente Heras, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; Luis Gómez Rufián, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Which sectors of the population were most affected by ERTES and EREs in 2020? This article analyses the effects that they had on Spain's labour market.

 

The divide between retro-capitalism and turbo-capitalism

Report

The divide between retro-capitalism and turbo-capitalism

September 2021

Social Inclusion
Jordi Sevilla and Miguel Marín, economists;

Globalisation and the rapid technological and digital transformation has resulted in two coexisting economic models: “turbo-capitalism”, which works with international logic, and “retro-capitalism”, which adopts the old logic of protectionist capitalism.

Why we should be concerned about increased wealth inequality in Spain

Article

Why we should be concerned about increased wealth inequality in Spain

July 2021

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics (CED) - CERCA;

Individuals in low-income households are increasingly more likely to have no wealth or have debt. Between 2002 and 2017, the share of individuals living in households that had debt increased from 3% to 9%.

Why do we pay (or not pay) the taxes established by law?

Article

Why do we pay (or not pay) the taxes established by law?

July 2021

Social Inclusion
Edurne Bartolomé Peral, University of Deusto; Hermann Dülmer, Universität zu Köln; Lluís Coromina i Soler, Universitat de Girona;

What personal factors determine the decision to evade taxes? This article shows that over half of the Spanish population shows little inclination towards fraud.

Regularising the situation of the immigrant population does not result in a “call ef-fect”

Article

Regularising the situation of the immigrant population does not result in a “call ef-fect”

June 2021

Social Inclusion
Joan Monràs, UPF, Barcelona GSE; Javier Vázquez-Grenno and Ferran Elias, UB; Adaptation: Albert F. Arcarons (EUI);

What were the consequences of the regularisation, in 2005, of 600,000 non-EU immigrants who were working in Spain? This study reveals that it did not lead to any “call effect”, but did lead to increased tax revenues.

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

March 2021

Social Inclusion
M. Àngels Cabasés, Miquel Úbeda and M. Jesús Gómez, Universitat de Lleida; Carles Feixa and José Sánchez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Carme Riera, Universitat de Barcelona;

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

October 2020

Science Social Inclusion
Ignacio González, Agencia Estatal de Administración Tributaria; Alfonso Mateos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; Adapted by: Eli Vivas and Carina Bellver (StoryData);

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

Article

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

October 2020

Social Inclusion
Dirk Foremny, Universitat de Barcelona;

People have important misperceptions regarding the level of taxes that they pay. Does knowing more change what we think about redistribution?

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED; M. José González, UPF;

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona; Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza; Adapted by Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData);

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo;

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Article

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies);

Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP. 

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford);

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

February 2019

Culture
David Throsby, Professor of Economics, Macquarie University, Australia;

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.  

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