Content with the tag: dificultades económicas

Wage inequality during the pandemic: public subsidies

Article

Wage inequality during the pandemic: public subsidies

May 2022

Social Inclusion
Oriol Aspachs, Alberto Graziano and Josep Mestres, CaixaBank Research; Rubén Durante, José García-Montalvo and Marta Reynal-Querol, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

What impact has the economic crisis caused by covid-19 had on wage inequality? Have public subsidies been sufficient? We analyse which groups have been most affected.

Human capital formation

Infodata

Human capital formation

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Rate of early leavers from education and training in Spain and EU-27.

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Under 18s are the age group with the highest percentage of population at risk of poverty and social exclusion.

Life dissatisfaction during the covid-19 pandemic in Spain

Article

Life dissatisfaction during the covid-19 pandemic in Spain

August 2021

Social Inclusion
María Rosalía Vicente Cuervo, Universidad de Oviedo; Pablo de Pedraza, European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre;

Poor health and job loss are the main factors associated with dissatisfaction with life during the covid-19 pandemic in Spain. Our analysis in this article.

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

March 2021

Social Inclusion
M. Àngels Cabasés, Miquel Úbeda and M. Jesús Gómez, Universitat de Lleida; Carles Feixa and José Sánchez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Carme Riera, Universitat de Barcelona;

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona; Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza; Adapted by Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData);

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo;

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, University of Lausanne, Switzerland; Giorgio Piccitto, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy;

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Article

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Albert Recio Andreu, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford);

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

Inequality: The Costs to Families

Review

Inequality: The Costs to Families

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Frances Goldscheider, University Professor of Sociology, emerita, Brown University;

How do economic problems affect family stability? The books reviewed tackle changes in gender roles at work and the instability generated by socioeconomic inequality.

“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

Interview

“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Aart Liefbroer, sociologist and researcher at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute;

Do we reproduce the behaviour of our parents? Aart Liefbroer talks to us about the intergenerational transmission of demographic behaviour.

Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

Infodata

Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

December 2018

Social Inclusion

The highest percentage of households with very low employment intensity stands at 24.6% and corresponds to single-parent households. What happens with other households?

Difficulties of families related with housing

Infodata

Difficulties of families related with housing

December 2018

Social Inclusion

54.5% of single-parent households have no capacity to tackle unforeseen expenses. What type of material shortages do other households have? 

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

Infodata

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

80.1% of households with two adults and no children live in an owned home. In the case of single-parent households, this percentage falls to 65%.

What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

Infodata

What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

Economic reasons, availability of places, distance, timetable flexibility, etc. What factors determine access to nurseries?

Can families afford access to childcare services?

Infodata

Can families afford access to childcare services?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

32.5% of Spanish single-parent families say that they have significant difficulties in paying for childcare services. Do households with two adults have easier access to these services?

Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

December 2018

Social Inclusion

Is there a greater risk of poverty and social exclusion among single-parent households? 48% of such homes suffered  economic difficulties in Spain in 2017.

Economic and material wellbeing

Report

Economic and material wellbeing

October 2018

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS; Olga Cantó Sánchez, Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS; Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED and EQUALITAS;

Any household must face up to three challenges: having a sufficient income, maintaining a financial balance and avoiding situations of poverty. This report analyses the social needs linked to material living conditions.

Contribution of elderly people to the care of family members

Infodata

Contribution of elderly people to the care of family members

May 2018

Social Inclusion

How do elderly people contribute to intergenerational care? In 2016, some 35% of elderly people in our country regularly took charge of caring for their grandchildren.

The economic position of elderly people

Infodata

The economic position of elderly people

May 2018

Social Inclusion

Are there differences between the percentage of men and women aged over 60 years that are at risk of poverty? In Spain gender differences in the poverty risk rate among people aged over 60 years have practically disappeared.

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

Infodata

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

January 2018

What is the rate for early leaving of education and training by sex? The Europe 2020 Strategy has a target of 15%.

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

Review

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

November 2017

Culture
Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom;

The two books reviewed share concerns regarding the decline of the USA and show the problems facing the country. From different perspectives, both reach the same diagnosis regarding American society and the danger that threatens democracy.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex; Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network;

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

August 2017

Social Inclusion
Joan Costa-Font, London School of Economics;

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Interview

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

June 2017

Social Inclusion
Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works, Dartington Social Research Unit;

The reduction in aid programmes for vulnerable groups has caused an increase in situations of social exclusion in Europe. In this interview, Nick Axford explains to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” how social protection policies are designed and the factors that intervene in the process.

Young people and social inclusion

Infodata

Young people and social inclusion

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the impact of poverty and social exclusion on young people? This infographic shows social exclusion rates by age group and the different problem issues linked to youth unemployment.

Fair society, healthy lives

Interview

Fair society, healthy lives

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Michael Marmot,
Director of the Institute of Health Equityof of the University College London (UCL);

Michael Marmot, director de Instituto de Equidad y Salud del University College London, explica los mecanismos que vinculan la desigualdad social con una mala salud, así como las políticas que deberían ponerse en marcha para reducirlas.

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

Article

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno, Professor of Sociology,
University of Valladolid;

Numerous diagnoses exist relating to the increase in youth unemployment caused by the economic crisis. The article reflects on the effectiveness of policies generated according to these diagnoses and, especially, on the European Recommendation of the Youth Guarantee.

Low education level, low labour force participation

Article

Low education level, low labour force participation

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Oviedo;

The economic crisis has affected the labour market for young people in Spain, especially for those with a low level of education. This situation needs to be reverted to avoid many under-30s ultimately suffering from exclusion.

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

Article

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Nerea Zugasti, Lecturer at the Department of Social Work of the Public University of Navarra;

Between the years 2007 and 2013, the difficulties faced in employment, housing and health worsened considerably in Spain. This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” reflects on the problems that have intensified social exclusion which affects, above all, the younger population.

Evolución comparada de la pobreza infantil, juvenil  y de los mayores en Europa

Article

Evolución comparada de la pobreza infantil, juvenil y de los mayores en Europa

March 2017

Social Inclusion
Juan J. Fernández, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Carlos III University, Madrid.;

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

Barometer

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

September 2016

Social Inclusion

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

Infodata

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

September 2016

Social Inclusion

In today’s society, certain products or services are considered as necessary to lead an adequate life in line with the current social reality. The impossibility of accessing some of these products or services is used as an indicator of material deprivation. 

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