Articles by subject area

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

Article

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Clara Martínez-Toledano, Facundo Alvaredo and Miguel Artola, Paris School of Economics; Adaptation: Sergio Torrejón Pérez, social researcher;

The increase in economic inequality in recent years in Spain translates into the richest 1% of the population obtaining a higher income than the poorest 50%. What lies behind this concentration of capital?

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, University of Lausanne, Switzerland; Giorgio Piccitto, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy;

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research;

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

Article

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Cesira Urzi Brancati, Songül Tolan, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Ignacio González Vázquez, Marta Fana and Sergio Torrejón Pérez, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre;

The impact of the covid-19 crisis on the labour market is being more pronounced in the Mediterranean countries and is concentrated on workers with low salaries and in precarious jobs, as well as women and younger workers.

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Article

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

June 2020

Social Inclusion
Anna García-Altés, Catalan Agency for Health Quality and Evaluation (AQuAS); Emili Vela, Montse Clèries and Cristina Adroher, CatSalut; Vincenzo Alberto Vella, CIBERESP; Adapted by Xavier Aguilar;

Healthcare spending is unequal: it increases with age and is higher among men than women. Furthermore, 5% of the population is responsible for 50% of total expenditure. We analyse the factors that explain this, within a pre-covid-19 scenario.

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

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