Articles by subject area

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez, Universidad de Málaga;

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

Article

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Sara Ayllón, Department of Economics, Universitat de Girona;

Despite the economic recovery, in 2018 three out of every ten children were living in a situation of anchored poverty. Poverty during childhood has consequences throughout life. We analyse its impact.

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Article

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies);

Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP. 

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier Yanguas, Amaya Cilvetti and Cristina Segura, “la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People;

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.  

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

Article

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

October 2019

Social Inclusion
J. A. Fernández-Cornejo, Sabina Belope-Nguema, Lorenzo Escot and Eva del Pozo- García, Universidad Complutense de Madrid;

According to this study, following new additions to the family only 4% of fathers requested reduced working hours, versus 37.7% of mothers. 

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

September 2019

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, IAE (CSIC), MOVE and IZA; Francesco Fasani, Queen Mary University of London, IZA and CEPR; Hannes Mueller, IAE (CSIC), Barcelona GSE and MOVE; Adaptation: Michele Catanzaro;

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment.  

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Jordi Bosch, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Carme Trilla, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory; Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar;

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Article

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Guzmán Antonio Muñoz Fernández, Universidad de Córdoba; Adaptation: Àlex Blancafort;

Employment precarity is an obstacle to accessing home ownership for young people. Rental, which is more expensive, or family solidarity are the main alternatives for setting up a home.

How do young people access housing?

Article

How do young people access housing?

June 2019

Social Inclusion
Aitana Alguacil Denche, sociologist; Adapted by Núria Vallès-Peris;

We evaluate the difficulties faced by young people in accessing an own home and what demographic effects this situation has.

Does more renting mean greater insecurity?

Article

Does more renting mean greater insecurity?

June 2019

Social Inclusion
Juan A. Módenes, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Adaptation: Núria Vallès Peris;

Access to housing through renting is increasing in Spain although it is the least secure form of housing tenure on an economic, contractual and legal basis. We analyse which groups are the most affected.

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

Article

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

May 2019

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno, Valladolid University; Diego Dueñas, Valladolid and Alcalá Universities;

Diet, leisure, housing conditions… do children who live in single-parent households suffer greater material deprivation? We analyse what influence income level and gender have.    

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Article

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Albert Recio Andreu, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Article

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Pedro Rey Biel, Ramón y Cajal Researcher at ESADE-Universitat Ramon Llull; Nagore Iriberri, Ikerbasque Research Professor at Universidad del País Vasco;

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.   

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford);

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

In their own home, with family, or in residential care:

Article

In their own home, with family, or in residential care:

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Celia Fernández Carro, Department of Sociology III, National University of Distance Education (UNED);

Where and by whom do we prefer to be cared for when facing dependency? We analyse the role of the family and of public and private services as care providers.  

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Clara Cortina, M. José González and Jorge Rodríguez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

What measures can help to balance work and family?

Article

What measures can help to balance work and family?

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Andrea Ollo López, Public University of Navarre; Salomé Goñi Legaz, Public University of Navarre;

In which European countries is the work-family conflict greatest? What measures for reconciliation are most popular among men and women? We analyse company policies and satisfaction among families.

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

Article

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

February 2019

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC);

Will new-generation technologies substitute the most routine jobs? Discover the impact of automation on the world of work. 

Women live more years, but not always with health and happiness

Article

Women live more years, but not always with health and happiness

February 2019

Social Inclusion Science
Aïda Solé-Auró, Pompeu Fabra University;

Is living longer synonymous with good health? The following study compares, within the European context, life expectancy and happiness among men and women.

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

Article

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Spanish families changed significantly in the last two decades. To what point do socioeconomic factors or family structure influence children’s progress at school?

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

Article

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

December 2018

Education Social Inclusion
Álvaro Borja Choi de Mendizábal, Associate Professor in Economics, University of Barcelona;

How does socioeconomic inequality affect the academic progress of students? Using recent data we analyse the case of Spain and how it compares with the rest of Europe.  

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

Article

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Joan Garcia Román, Centre for Demographic Studies (UAB); "la Caixa” Social Observatory Award for the best article in the field of Social Inclusion;

When the number of female breadwinner couples increases, the division of household chores should be more equitable. Is this really true or do women continue to shoulder a greater workload?

Ageing in rural areas: an opportunity to change gender relations?

Article

Ageing in rural areas: an opportunity to change gender relations?

October 2018

Social Inclusion
Begoña Elizalde-San Miguel, Public University of Navarra;

Ageing and the care of elderly people in rural areas pose a challenge and an opportunity for change: with an ever older and increasingly male population, men will have to become more involved in the caregiver role, traditionally associated with women.

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

Article

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

September 2018

Social Inclusion
Ramón Alós Moner, Centre for Sociological Studies on Everyday Life and Work (QUIT) and Institute of Work Studies (IET), of the Autonomous University of Barcelona;

A predominance of low-added value employment, lack of investment in innovation and precarious conditions for workers are distancing Spain from the knowledge economy. How can this situation be corrected?

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

Article

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

July 2018

Social Inclusion
Olga Salido, senior lecturer in Sociology at the Complutense University of Madrid;

Although the economic crisis has produced a generalised impoverishment of the different population segments in our country, the impact has been much greater among the poorer classes.

The new carers

Article

The new carers

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Antonio Abellán, Alba Ayala and Julio Pérez, CSIC. CCHS; Rogelio Pujol, INE; Gerdt Sundström, Jönköping University; Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid;

Who cares for the carers? This article by the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” explains the changes that have taken place in the figure of the carer and also the importance of carers receiving care too.

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

Article

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
David Reher, chair professor of Sociology, Complutense University of Madrid; Miguel Requena, chair professor of Sociology, UNED; Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid;

Why is the number of elderly women who live alone continually increasing? The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” studies the causes of this phenomenon, which has important implications in the design of welfare policies.

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