Articles by subject area

The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils

Article

The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils

October 2022

Social Inclusion
Carme Montserrat, Marta Garcia-Molsosa, Pere Soler, Anna Planas, Edgar Iglesias and Paula Boned, Liberi, Universitat de Girona;

Some 93% of children have heard of gender violence. Their preferential source of information is the school setting but, if faced with a situation of gender-based violence, they are unsure whether it would be the place to find help.

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

Article

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

September 2022

Social Inclusion
Joan-Josep Vallbé and Carmen Ramírez-Folch, Department of Political Science, Universitat de Barcelona;

Are male and female judges equally likely to grant restraining orders in cases of gender-based violence? According to this study, gender alone is not a determining factor but it is a key factor, together with experience and caseload.

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

Article

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

August 2022

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics;

Does a gender gap exist in relation to household wealth? According to this study, the difference is more pronounced at advanced ages since, in old age, women have greater probabilities of being widowed and seeing their wealth limited.

Can home care for older people be improved?

Article

Can home care for older people be improved?

July 2022

Social Inclusion
Jésica de Armas, Bruno Vieira and Helena Ramalhinho, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

Home care for elderly people should reconcile healthcare and care linked to social services. This study provides data on the application of a tool to coordinate and optimise these two types of care.

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

Article

Inheritance Tax and Income Tax: how much should people pay?

June 2022

Social Inclusion
Luis Miller, Spanish National Research Council; José A. Noguera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Leire Salazar, UNED;

An experimental analysis of the preferred tax rates for different types of taxes, across a variety of taxpayer income and inheritance assumptions, and taking into account people’s perception of their own position in income distribution.

Wage inequality during the pandemic: public subsidies

Article

Wage inequality during the pandemic: public subsidies

May 2022

Social Inclusion
Oriol Aspachs, Alberto Graziano and Josep Mestres, CaixaBank Research; Rubén Durante, José García-Montalvo and Marta Reynal-Querol, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

What impact has the economic crisis caused by covid-19 had on wage inequality? Have public subsidies been sufficient? We analyse which groups have been most affected.

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

Article

Can inclusive citizenship skills be taught while building universities that are more socially engaged?

February 2022

Social Inclusion Education
José Luis Álvarez Castillo, Hugo González González, Gemma Fernández Caminero, Luis del Espino Díaz and Carmen María Hernández Lloret, Universidad de Córdoba;

How can empathy and moral principles be encouraged to promote more inclusive citizenship? This experiment was conducted within a university context and we explain its results.

Democratic dilemmas posed by the pandemic, one year on

Article

Democratic dilemmas posed by the pandemic, one year on

February 2022

Social Inclusion
Jordi Muñoz, Albert Falcó-Gimeno, Francesc Amat and Andreu Arenas, Universitat de Barcelona;

A threat to public health, such as a pandemic, poses democratic dilemmas. To what extent do citizens accept the restricting of freedoms, the concentration of power, and technocratic logic in decision-making?

The impact of covid-19 on the physical and mental health of Spain’s adult population

Article

The impact of covid-19 on the physical and mental health of Spain’s adult population

December 2021

Social Inclusion
Pere Castellví Obiols, Andrea Miranda Mendizábal, Silvia Recoder Fernández, Esther Calbo Sebastián and Carlos García Forero, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya; David Leiva Ureña, Rumen Manolov and Antonio Solanas Pérez, Universitat de Barcelona; Nuria Matilla Santander, Karolinska Institute (Stockholm); Marc Casajuana Closas, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Knowing how the pandemic affected the population’s health is fundamental for understanding the challenges facing us right now. What do the figures tell us?

Balancing the welfare state

Article

Balancing the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Concepció Patxot and Gianko Michailidis, Universitat de Barcelona;

Is the welfare state biased in favour of elderly people? This article analyses the financial sustainability of the current system.

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

Article

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Ronald Lee, CEDA, University of California, Berkeley; Andrew Mason, University of Hawaii, co-founders of the NTA project;

How can the experience of the developed world help other regions of the planet that are in earlier phases of demographic transition?

Intergenerational equity as a guarantee of social well-being

Article

Intergenerational equity as a guarantee of social well-being

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Gemma Abio, Concepció Patxot and Meritxell Solé, Universitat de Barcelona; Elisenda Rentería, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Guadalupe Souto, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

How are resources transferred between generations? This article gives you the keys to understanding this issue.

Why don’t women have all the children they say they want?

Article

Why don’t women have all the children they say they want?

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Alícia Adserà, Princeton University; Mariona Lozano, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics, UAB;

Spain is one of EU countries with the highest proportion of childless women. Why?

The impact of covid-19 on the gender gap in hours actually worked

Article

The impact of covid-19 on the gender gap in hours actually worked

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Maite Blázquez and Ainhoa Herrarte, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; Ana Isabel Moro-Egido, Universidad de Granada;

The gender gap in hours worked has decreased during the pandemic, except among workers with young children. What personal situations lie behind this behaviour of the jobs market?

Individual and collective responsibility within the context  of the covid-19 pandemic

Article

Individual and collective responsibility within the context of the covid-19 pandemic

October 2021

Social Inclusion
Magdalena Bobowik, Utrecht University and Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Mirjana Rupar and Maciej Sekerdej, Jagiellonian University; Elia Soler Pastor, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Maitane Arnoso, Universidad del País Vasco; Djouaria Ghilani, Free University of Brussels; Foroogh Ghorbani and Silvia Mari, University of Milano-Bicocca; Borja Martinovic, Utrecht University;

To fight the pandemic, identifying the psychological factors that influence citizens’ attitudes is fundamental. This study reveals what Spanish people feel responsible for.

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

Article

Covid-19 and the 2020 furloughs: from the health pandemic to the jobs pandemic

October 2021

Social Inclusion
Diego Dueñas Fernández, Universidad de Alcalá; Raquel Llorente Heras, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; Luis Gómez Rufián, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Which sectors of the population were most affected by ERTES and EREs in 2020? This article analyses the effects that they had on Spain's labour market.

 

The covid-19 crisis affects employment inequality between immigrants and natives

Article

The covid-19 crisis affects employment inequality between immigrants and natives

September 2021

Social Inclusion
Jacobo Muñoz Comet, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED);

The immigrant population, particularly women, have been the most vulnerable group affected by unemployment caused by the economic crisis derived from covid-19.

 

Loneliness in older people

Article

Loneliness in older people

September 2021

Social Inclusion
Javier Yanguas Lezaun, ”la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People;

How do the elderly deal with loneliness? According to this study, 64% of them experience feelings of loneliness to some extent.

Life dissatisfaction during the covid-19 pandemic in Spain

Article

Life dissatisfaction during the covid-19 pandemic in Spain

August 2021

Social Inclusion
María Rosalía Vicente Cuervo, Universidad de Oviedo; Pablo de Pedraza, European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre;

Poor health and job loss are the main factors associated with dissatisfaction with life during the covid-19 pandemic in Spain. Our analysis in this article.

Loneliness during lockdown: An epidemic within the covid-19 pandemic

Article

Loneliness during lockdown: An epidemic within the covid-19 pandemic

August 2021

Social Inclusion
Juan Manuel García-González and Inmaculada Montero, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, UPO; Rafael Grande, Universidad de Málaga; Dolores Puga, CSIC;

Has covid-19 worsened feelings of loneliness? According to this study on over 55s in Andalusia, during lockdown feelings of loneliness increased from 47% to 56%, especially affecting women

Why is corruption not punished at the ballot box?

Article

Why is corruption not punished at the ballot box?

August 2021

Social Inclusion
Macarena Ares, Sofía Breitenstein and Enrique Hernández, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

One of the reasons why corruption is not punished at the ballot box is that we tend to avoid exposing ourselves to news about scandals affecting our favourite party.

Why we should be concerned about increased wealth inequality in Spain

Article

Why we should be concerned about increased wealth inequality in Spain

July 2021

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics (CED) - CERCA;

Individuals in low-income households are increasingly more likely to have no wealth or have debt. Between 2002 and 2017, the share of individuals living in households that had debt increased from 3% to 9%.

Why do we pay (or not pay) the taxes established by law?

Article

Why do we pay (or not pay) the taxes established by law?

July 2021

Social Inclusion
Edurne Bartolomé Peral, University of Deusto; Hermann Dülmer, Universität zu Köln; Lluís Coromina i Soler, Universitat de Girona;

What personal factors determine the decision to evade taxes? This article shows that over half of the Spanish population shows little inclination towards fraud.

Whom do we trust?

Article

Whom do we trust?

June 2021

Social Inclusion
Jorge Rodríguez Menés, Clara Cortina, M. José González and Aroa Arrufat Pijuan, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Amalia Gómez Casillas, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Does ethnic discrimination exist in the second-hand market online? This study analyses its presence in transactions between buyers and sellers in Spain.

Paid and unpaid work: the pandemic intensifies the phenomenon of double shift among women

Article

Paid and unpaid work: the pandemic intensifies the phenomenon of double shift among women

June 2021

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, MOVE and IAE-CSIC; Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE;

According to this study, the gender gap in total hours of work, paid and unpaid, has increased to 16 hours during the pandemic.

Regularising the situation of the immigrant population does not result in a “call ef-fect”

Article

Regularising the situation of the immigrant population does not result in a “call ef-fect”

June 2021

Social Inclusion
Joan Monràs, UPF, Barcelona GSE; Javier Vázquez-Grenno and Ferran Elias, UB; Adaptation: Albert F. Arcarons (EUI);

What were the consequences of the regularisation, in 2005, of 600,000 non-EU immigrants who were working in Spain? This study reveals that it did not lead to any “call effect”, but did lead to increased tax revenues.

Does working while studying influence graduate employability?

Article

Does working while studying influence graduate employability?

April 2021

Antonio Di Paolo and Alessia Matano, AQR-IREA, University of Barcelona;

Is it possible to secure better employment by working prior to obtaining a university qualification? This analysis shows that it is, but only if the job is related to the degree’s content.

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Article

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

March 2021

Javier Mato Díaz, Ángel Alonso Domínguez, Rosario González Arias and Israel Escudero Castillo, Universidad de Oviedo;

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

March 2021

Social Inclusion
M. Àngels Cabasés, Miquel Úbeda and M. Jesús Gómez, Universitat de Lleida; Carles Feixa and José Sánchez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Carme Riera, Universitat de Barcelona;

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Article

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

February 2021

Social Inclusion
Raquel Carrasco, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Virginia Hernanz, Universidad de Alcalá;

Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people) exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a low educational level.

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Article

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

February 2021

Social Inclusion
Santiago Giraldo-Luque, Isabel Villegas-Simón, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Alessandro Bernardi, Social Elephants; Cristina Fernández-Rovira, Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya;

Does  it pay to be a micro-influencer? Some 62% of those interviewed in this study are dissatisfied with their earnings in relation to the impact that they generate in their communities.

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

Article

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

February 2021

Education Social Inclusion
Jordi Bayona-i-Carrasco, Serra Hunter Professor, Dep. Geography (Universitat de Barcelona) and CERCA; Andreu Domingo, CERCA;

Some 23.5% of pupils of immigrant origin leave school in the transition between compulsory and post-compulsory education. We analyse the differences by pupils' migration status and sex.

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Article

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

February 2021

Education Social Inclusion
Silvia Carrasco, Jordi Pàmies, Laia Narciso and Angelina Sánchez, (EMIGRA – CER-Migracions, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona);

What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for guiding pupils.

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

Article

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

January 2021

Tomás Cano, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt and Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

According to this study, in comparison with the year 2002, in 2010 there was an increase in the time that mothers, and even more so fathers, devoted to their children. Despite this, the gender gap persists.

Temporary work and self-employment have a negative impact on workers’ wellbeing

Article

Temporary work and self-employment have a negative impact on workers’ wellbeing

January 2021

Social Inclusion
Maite Blázquez, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, UAM; Ainhoa Herrarte, UAM; Ana Isabel Moro Egido, Universidad de Granada;

Is the gig economy threatening workers’ wellbeing? The rise in temporary and self-employment, favoured by the digital platforms, seems to be affecting quality of life.

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Article

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

January 2021

Social Inclusion
Cornel Nesseler, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU; Carlos Gómez-González, University of Zurich, UZH; Helmut Dietl, University of Zurich, UZH; Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar;

An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles, team managers tended towards choosing players with local names. 

Presence of foreign footballers and its impact on attitudes to immigration

Article

Presence of foreign footballers and its impact on attitudes to immigration

January 2021

Social Inclusion
Ignacio Lago, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Carlos Lagos Peñas, Universidad de Vigo; Adaptation: Juan Manuel Garcia Campos;

Can football alter opinions on immigration? According to this study, among a club’s followers, when the team wins thanks to foreign players, immigration is perceived more positively. 

Predicting international migratory movements using Google searches

Article

Predicting international migratory movements using Google searches

December 2020

Social Inclusion
Marcus H. Böhme, German Federal Ministry of Finance; André Gröger, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (BGSE), and Markets, Organizations and Votes in Economics (MOVE); Tobias Heidland (né Stöhr),, Universidad de Kiel, Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) e IZA Institute of Labor Economics;

Google searches for terms such as passportsalary, or social care, as well as the desired destination country, can offer clues regarding tendencies in migratory flows.

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

Article

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

December 2020

Social Inclusion
Santiago Pérez-Nievas, Carles Pamies and Marta Paradés, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM); Daniela Vintila, CEDEM, Université de Liège;

Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether differences exist between the different foreign groups. 

Immigration, integration and sustainability of the education system

Article

Immigration, integration and sustainability of the education system

December 2020

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona and Institut d’Anàlisi Econòmica (IAE-CSIC); Francesc Ortega, City University of New York, Queens College;

The arrival of foreign pupils at state-owned schools caused the displacement of the children of native families with greater resources towards private schools. What effects does this displacement have on the quality of the public system?

Immigration is revitalising rural Spain

Article

Immigration is revitalising rural Spain

December 2020

Social Inclusion
Luis Camarero, UNED; Rosario Sampedro, Universidad de Valladolid; Adapted by Lluís Reales;

In 2019, nearly 10% of residents in Spanish municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants had been born abroad. Is immigration rejuvenating and preserving activity in depopulated areas of Spain?

Imbalances between worked hours and desired hours among the younger population

Article

Imbalances between worked hours and desired hours among the younger population

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Do we work the number of hours we really want to? The percentage of young people who are experiencing imbalances has increased significantly over the last 10 years, especially among
those who would prefer to work more hours.

Going to work in another city: who is willing to do so and why?

Article

Going to work in another city: who is willing to do so and why?

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Sergi Vidal, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Four out of every ten workers in Spain, who have or are seeking a job, would be prepared to go and live somewhere else. Income and the professional career associated with upwards social mobility are the main reasons for interregional mobility.   

Who believes fake news in Spain?

Article

Who believes fake news in Spain?

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Nina Wiesehomeier and D.J. Flynn, School of Global and Public Affairs, IE University;

People who get their news via social media networks give more credit to fake news. This study underlines the difficulty of effectively combating false information. 

Does the native population move out of neighbourhoods where immigrants move in?

Article

Does the native population move out of neighbourhoods where immigrants move in?

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Jesús Fernández-Huertas, UC3M; Ada Ferrer i Carbonell, IAE-CSIC, Barcelona GSE, IZA; Albert Saiz, MIT; Adaptation: Jordi Pueyo;

Between 1998 and 2008, the percentage of immigrant population in Spain grew from 3% to 13%. Did this favour the appearance of ghettos? Or was there balance in residential areas between natives and immigrants?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

October 2020

Science Social Inclusion
Ignacio González, Agencia Estatal de Administración Tributaria; Alfonso Mateos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; Adapted by: Eli Vivas and Carina Bellver (StoryData);

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

Article

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

October 2020

Social Inclusion
Dirk Foremny, Universitat de Barcelona;

People have important misperceptions regarding the level of taxes that they pay. Does knowing more change what we think about redistribution?

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

Article

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Ana R. Sepúlveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Santos Solano, Marta Rojo, Francisco J. Román and Miriam Blanco, ANOBAS research group, Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM); Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea and Carina Bellver (StoryData);

¿Does childhood obesity as a result of a disadvantaged family environment exist? This article points towards the fact that, in the face of psychological distress, many children use food as an escape valve, which causes a loss of control over their diet.

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

Article

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona and IAE-CSIC; Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE;

Despite a slight increase in participation by men, this study shows that housework and childcare represented a heavier workload for women during the lockdown.

Personal well-being and the use of technology during lockdown

Article

Personal well-being and the use of technology during lockdown

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Javier García-Manglano, Charo Sádaba, Cecilia Serrano and Claudia López, research group, Institute of Culture and Society, University of Navarra;

Technology has played a key role in us continuing to work and study from home, but also in leisure and communication. We spent, on average, over 9 hours a day in front of screens. Does greater consumption mean more or less wellbeing?

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED; M. José González, UPF;

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona; Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza; Adapted by Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData);

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo;

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

Article

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno Mínguez, UVa; Raquel Llorente Heras, UAM; Diego Dueñas Fernández, UAH; Adapted by: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData);

How do families solve the problem of balancing work and family life when school finishes for the summer? Women bear the brunt in the labour sphere.

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

Article

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Clara Martínez-Toledano, Facundo Alvaredo and Miguel Artola, Paris School of Economics; Adaptation: Sergio Torrejón Pérez, social researcher;

The increase in economic inequality in recent years in Spain translates into the richest 1% of the population obtaining a higher income than the poorest 50%. What lies behind this concentration of capital?

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, University of Lausanne, Switzerland; Giorgio Piccitto, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy;

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research;

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

Article

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Cesira Urzi Brancati, Songül Tolan, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Ignacio González Vázquez, Marta Fana and Sergio Torrejón Pérez, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre;

The impact of the covid-19 crisis on the labour market is being more pronounced in the Mediterranean countries and is concentrated on workers with low salaries and in precarious jobs, as well as women and younger workers.

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Article

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

June 2020

Social Inclusion
Anna García-Altés, Catalan Agency for Health Quality and Evaluation (AQuAS); Emili Vela, Montse Clèries and Cristina Adroher, CatSalut; Vincenzo Alberto Vella, CIBERESP; Adapted by Xavier Aguilar;

Healthcare spending is unequal: it increases with age and is higher among men than women. Furthermore, 5% of the population is responsible for 50% of total expenditure. We analyse the factors that explain this, within a pre-covid-19 scenario.

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez, Universidad de Málaga;

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

Article

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Sara Ayllón, Department of Economics, Universitat de Girona;

Despite the economic recovery, in 2018 three out of every ten children were living in a situation of anchored poverty. Poverty during childhood has consequences throughout life. We analyse its impact.

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Article

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies);

Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP. 

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier Yanguas, Amaya Cilvetti and Cristina Segura, “la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People;

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.  

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

Article

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

October 2019

Social Inclusion
J. A. Fernández-Cornejo, Sabina Belope-Nguema, Lorenzo Escot and Eva del Pozo- García, Universidad Complutense de Madrid;

According to this study, following new additions to the family only 4% of fathers requested reduced working hours, versus 37.7% of mothers. 

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

September 2019

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, IAE (CSIC), MOVE and IZA; Francesco Fasani, Queen Mary University of London, IZA and CEPR; Hannes Mueller, IAE (CSIC), Barcelona GSE and MOVE; Adaptation: Michele Catanzaro;

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment.  

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Jordi Bosch, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Carme Trilla, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory; Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar;

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Article

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Guzmán Antonio Muñoz Fernández, Universidad de Córdoba; Adaptation: Àlex Blancafort;

Employment precarity is an obstacle to accessing home ownership for young people. Rental, which is more expensive, or family solidarity are the main alternatives for setting up a home.

How do young people access housing?

Article

How do young people access housing?

June 2019

Social Inclusion
Aitana Alguacil Denche, sociologist; Adapted by Núria Vallès-Peris;

We evaluate the difficulties faced by young people in accessing an own home and what demographic effects this situation has.

Does more renting mean greater insecurity?

Article

Does more renting mean greater insecurity?

June 2019

Social Inclusion
Juan A. Módenes, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Adaptation: Núria Vallès Peris;

Access to housing through renting is increasing in Spain although it is the least secure form of housing tenure on an economic, contractual and legal basis. We analyse which groups are the most affected.

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

Article

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

May 2019

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno, Valladolid University; Diego Dueñas, Valladolid and Alcalá Universities;

Diet, leisure, housing conditions… do children who live in single-parent households suffer greater material deprivation? We analyse what influence income level and gender have.    

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Article

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Albert Recio Andreu, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Article

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Pedro Rey Biel, Ramón y Cajal Researcher at ESADE-Universitat Ramon Llull; Nagore Iriberri, Ikerbasque Research Professor at Universidad del País Vasco;

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.   

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford);

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

In their own home, with family, or in residential care:

Article

In their own home, with family, or in residential care:

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Celia Fernández Carro, Department of Sociology III, National University of Distance Education (UNED);

Where and by whom do we prefer to be cared for when facing dependency? We analyse the role of the family and of public and private services as care providers.  

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Clara Cortina, M. José González and Jorge Rodríguez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

What measures can help to balance work and family?

Article

What measures can help to balance work and family?

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Andrea Ollo López, Public University of Navarre; Salomé Goñi Legaz, Public University of Navarre;

In which European countries is the work-family conflict greatest? What measures for reconciliation are most popular among men and women? We analyse company policies and satisfaction among families.

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

Article

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

February 2019

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC);

Will new-generation technologies substitute the most routine jobs? Discover the impact of automation on the world of work. 

Women live more years, but not always with health and happiness

Article

Women live more years, but not always with health and happiness

February 2019

Social Inclusion Science
Aïda Solé-Auró, Pompeu Fabra University;

Is living longer synonymous with good health? The following study compares, within the European context, life expectancy and happiness among men and women.

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

Article

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

Spanish families changed significantly in the last two decades. To what point do socioeconomic factors or family structure influence children’s progress at school?

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

Article

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

December 2018

Education Social Inclusion
Álvaro Borja Choi de Mendizábal, Associate Professor in Economics, University of Barcelona;

How does socioeconomic inequality affect the academic progress of students? Using recent data we analyse the case of Spain and how it compares with the rest of Europe.  

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

Article

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Joan Garcia Román, Centre for Demographic Studies (UAB); "la Caixa” Social Observatory Award for the best article in the field of Social Inclusion;

When the number of female breadwinner couples increases, the division of household chores should be more equitable. Is this really true or do women continue to shoulder a greater workload?

Ageing in rural areas: an opportunity to change gender relations?

Article

Ageing in rural areas: an opportunity to change gender relations?

October 2018

Social Inclusion
Begoña Elizalde-San Miguel, Public University of Navarra;

Ageing and the care of elderly people in rural areas pose a challenge and an opportunity for change: with an ever older and increasingly male population, men will have to become more involved in the caregiver role, traditionally associated with women.

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

Article

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

September 2018

Social Inclusion
Ramón Alós Moner, Centre for Sociological Studies on Everyday Life and Work (QUIT) and Institute of Work Studies (IET), of the Autonomous University of Barcelona;

A predominance of low-added value employment, lack of investment in innovation and precarious conditions for workers are distancing Spain from the knowledge economy. How can this situation be corrected?

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

Article

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

July 2018

Social Inclusion
Olga Salido, senior lecturer in Sociology at the Complutense University of Madrid;

Although the economic crisis has produced a generalised impoverishment of the different population segments in our country, the impact has been much greater among the poorer classes.

The new carers

Article

The new carers

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Antonio Abellán, Alba Ayala and Julio Pérez, CSIC. CCHS; Rogelio Pujol, INE; Gerdt Sundström, Jönköping University; Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid;

Who cares for the carers? This article by the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” explains the changes that have taken place in the figure of the carer and also the importance of carers receiving care too.

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

Article

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
David Reher, chair professor of Sociology, Complutense University of Madrid; Miguel Requena, chair professor of Sociology, UNED; Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid;

Why is the number of elderly women who live alone continually increasing? The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” studies the causes of this phenomenon, which has important implications in the design of welfare policies.

Ageing in place: where is best? Village or city?

Article

Ageing in place: where is best? Village or city?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Irene Lebrusán Murillo, asociated lecturer in Carlos III University of Madrid;

The house we live in is closely related with our quality of life and health, especially during old age. In turn, the quality of our home will depend on the municipality in which it is located. At this intersection, we tackle the question of whether it is better to grow old in a village or a city.

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