You can now view the discussion "Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal"
What are the most decisive factors in a country’s research and innovation systems? And what are the links between science and business? We present the new Dossier from the Social Observatory of the ”la Caixa” Foundation.
On 22 April 2022 we organised a discussion at CaixaForum Madrid with interventions by three specialists from the CSIC Institute of Public Policies:
Laura Cruz Castro
Catalina Martínez García
Luis Sanz Menéndez
You can watch the video here (event language: Spanish):
While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above
the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the
participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average
in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.
Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new
big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth,
the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.