Universal basic income (unconditional). Why it is important for freedom and how it can be funded

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Renta básica (incondicional). Por qué es importante para la libertad y cómo se puede financiar

Daniel Raventós, Presidente de la Red Renta Básica y profesor de la Facultad de Economía y Empresa de la Universidad de Barcelona.;

La propuesta de la renta básica ha obtenido la atención creciente a lo largo de los últimos años por parte de medios de comunicación, activistas sociales, partidos políticos y estamentos académicos. En este capítulo se realiza un análisis de la renta básica atendiendo en especial a dos cuestiones esenciales: ¿es justa? y ¿es viable? Se aborda principalmente la relación de la renta básica con la libertad, pues solo la independencia material que se lograría a través de una renta básica daría al individuo las posibilidades reales para ser totalmente libre. Además, se incluye una propuesta de financiación de renta básica en España a partir del IRPF para una cantidad igual al umbral de la pobreza para todas las personas residentes en el Reino de España.
Key points
  • 1
       Los programas condicionados presentan limitaciones: trampa de la pobreza, costes administrativos, estigmatización y cobertura insuficiente.
  • 2
       Una renta básica de una cantidad al menos igual al umbral de pobreza es la mejor manera de garantizar la existencia material al conjunto de la población.
  • 3
       La innovación social supone unos riesgos, pero lo que debe evaluarse es si las ventajas superan generosamente a los inconvenientes.
  • 4
       Es posible financiar una renta básica igual al umbral de la pobreza sin detraer un céntimo de la recaudación impositiva previa a una reforma del IRPF.

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