The severe material deprivation rate is an indicator that expresses the inability to pay for some articles considered by the majority as desirable or even necessary to lead an adequate life. The indicator measures the percentage of the population that cannot afford at least four of the following nine items: 1. pay their rent, mortgage or utility bills; 2. keep their home adequately warm in winter; 3. Face unexpected expenses; 4. eat meat or proteins regularly; 5. go on holiday; 6. a television set; 7. a washing machine; 8. a car; 9. a telephone.
How do people’s acquaintances shape their support for economic redistribution and social protection?
We analyse how opinions on economic redistribution and social protection depend not only on family incomes, but also on the wages earned by people in the immediate social environment.
Moving in and out of in-work poverty in Spain
Having a job is no longer sufficient for escaping poverty. Many households, especially with children, are experiencing in-work poverty associated with low wages or periods of inactivity.
Poverty risk among working-age people in Spain
The risk of poverty among the working-age population increased by 20% during the Great Recession. What role is played by social transfers?
Wage inequality during the pandemic: public subsidies
What impact has the economic crisis caused by covid-19 had on wage inequality? Have public subsidies been sufficient? We analyse which groups have been most affected.
Population distribution by types of household
In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%), versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.