Number of researchers, as a percentage of the active population, and compared to the total R&D personnel

Researchers are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, and in the management of the projects concerned. Numbers of researchers and R&D personnel are presented by public (government, higher education) and private (business and non-for-profit) sectors, and by sex. The number of researchers and R&D personnel is an input indicator of a country’s R&D effort. In some countries R&D investment can be relatively low, but they may nevertheless have an important part of the active population in R&D activities.

The number of researchers is counted on the basis of Full Time Equivalent (FTE). Full count of researchers with less than a 100% FTE yields slightly different data.

You may also find interesting

Article

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

Science

The European Union set a target for the business sector to invest 2% of GDP in R&D. How is the convergence of Spain and Portugal towards this goal progressing?

Activity

You can now view the discussion "Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal"

You can now view the discussion "Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal"

Science

What are the most decisive factors in a country’s research and innovation systems? You can see the video of the discussion we organised to debate this issue here.

Best practices

The use of public engagement for technological innovation

The use of public engagement for technological innovation

Science

What is society’s opinion regarding the possible impacts of science and technology? Establishing citizen participation mechanisms is necessary to generate confidence and detect points for improvement.