Number of researchers, as a percentage of the active population, and compared to the total R&D personnel

Researchers are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, and in the management of the projects concerned. Numbers of researchers and R&D personnel are presented by public (government, higher education) and private (business and non-for-profit) sectors, and by sex. The number of researchers and R&D personnel is an input indicator of a country’s R&D effort. In some countries R&D investment can be relatively low, but they may nevertheless have an important part of the active population in R&D activities.

The number of researchers is counted on the basis of Full Time Equivalent (FTE). Full count of researchers with less than a 100% FTE yields slightly different data.

You may also find interesting

Article

Desertified Spain

Desertified Spain

Science

Some 17.5% of rural territory is exposed simultaneously to high rates of depopulation and of aridity. This study analyses how some factors for mitigating depopulation can have undesired effects, of both a social and an environmental nature.

Article

Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?

Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?

Science

Did inequality exist in the research into the inequalities of covid-19? We analyse it in this comparative study focusing on research production, distribution and collaborations between countries.

Article

The STEM field is failing to attract female talent

The STEM field is failing to attract female talent

Science

In Spain, only 16% of STEM professionals are women. We analyse this gender gap.