Asset Publisher

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

Clara Cortina, M. José González and Jorge Rodríguez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
null

An experiment in gender discrimination in the jobs market shows that women aged between 37 and 39 years have an average of 30% fewer possibilities of being invited to a job interview than men with the same characteristics. Gender discrimination is greater when the applicants have children, and declines, although it never completely disappears, when they are better qualified for the job in question.
Key points
  • 1
       Over 5,600 fictitious CVs were sent to real job offers in Madrid and Barcelona. Subsequently, the probabilities of being invited to a job interview were compared between people with equivalent CVs that were only differentiated in terms of their gender, whether they had children or not and their degree of qualification for the position applied for.
  • 2
       Under equal conditions, women had an average of 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview than men with the same profile.
  • 3
       Gender differences in the recruitment process are greater when the applicants have children, although they decline, without completely disappearing, when they are better qualified for the position applied for.

To understand across all their complexity the effects of gender, number of children, and qualification for the post on the probability of being invited to a job interview, the following figure presents the response rates for different subgroups. Gender differences are maintained in all cases, although they are much smaller in the subgroup of applicants without children and with a high level of qualification. In this subgroup, and despite the equality in the curriculum of the two genders, women have a slightly lower probability of being invited to an interview (12.4%) than men (13.6%). In fact, in this subgroup the differences between men and women are very small and are not statistically significant. 

Probability of being invited to a job interview by sex, number of children and qualification for the post
one+page+en.png

Prejudices or stereotypes?

When women applicants have a high level of qualification for the post and do not have children, differences with respect to men with the same level of qualification practically disappear. This circumstance enables the conclusion that gender discrimination in job recruitment processes is not explained as much by negative prejudices towards women in general, but rather by gender stereotypes, according to which women are usually seen as less committed to paid employment and more oriented towards the family.

Classification

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Article

Teen dating violence

Among adolescents, 10.1% have been victims of controlling behaviour in their relationships

Article

Uses, skills and attitude in digital technology fields. Does a gender gap exist?

Boys consider that they are more skilled than girls in digital technology and communication fields, whereas girls feel better prepared in ethical and security-related aspects.

Article

The role of schools in detecting gender violence

Sixty-eight per cent of minors who are exposed to gender violence in the home say nothing in the academic setting and teaching staff only perceive it if evident signs of violence exist. How can an effective model for the prevention of sexist violence be drawn up for primary and secondary schools?

Article

The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils

Some 93% of children have heard of gender violence. Their preferential source of information is the school setting but, if faced with a situation of gender-based violence, they are unsure whether it would be the place to find help.

Infodata

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.

You may also find interesting

Inequality of carbon emissions across income and age in Spain

Article

Inequality of carbon emissions across income and age in Spain


Social Inclusion

The top 1% of carbon emitters have a carbon footprint that is 7 times higher than the average.

Place your investments or place your bets? Relationship between gambling addiction and trading

Article

Place your investments or place your bets? Relationship between gambling addiction and trading


Social Inclusion

What relationship exists between gaming/gambling addiction, bets in videogames, and investments in financial assets?

Adversities related to well-being during the pandemic

Article

Adversities related to well-being during the pandemic


Social Inclusion

Did the pandemic affect everyone equally? On a financial level, it had a greater impact on those with lower levels of education and income.