The education and training early leaving rate encompasses the percentage of people aged 18 to 24 years whose education level is at the most the first phase of Secondary Education and who are not following any type of education or training.
Social welfare systems and inequality in Europe
Spain’s social protection system is less redistributive than those of other EU countries. What reforms could help reduce economic inequality in Spain?
Private tuition and economic inequality in Spain
33% of pupils with lower economic capacity attend private tuition, in contrast with 57% of pupils with a higher profile. Differentials in participation in extracurricular activities in relation to economic capacity are greater in secondary school.
How do people’s acquaintances shape their support for economic redistribution and social protection?
We analyse how opinions on economic redistribution and social protection depend not only on family incomes, but also on the wages earned by people in the immediate social environment.
Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?
Did inequality exist in the research into the inequalities of covid-19? We analyse it in this comparative study focusing on research production, distribution and collaborations between countries.
Capital income and income inequality in Spain, 1980-2020
Why does Spain present income inequality levels higher than the European average? Differences in income between age groups and the concentration of capital among the richest groups are some of the causes.