Autonomous minimum incomes in Spain: balance and future challenges

Chapter

Las rentas mínimas autonómicas en España: balance y retos de futuro

José Antonio Noguera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;

El presente capítulo presenta un balance de la experiencia de los programas autonómicos de rentas mínimas en España. Para ello, ofrece una panorámica del contexto en el que surgen dichos programas, su evolución, problemas de diseño e implementación, y los resultados en cuanto al impacto sobre la pobreza. A pesar de su expansión sostenida durante treinta años, los programas de rentas mínimas siguen siendo en su mayoría insuficientes para reducir sustancialmente la alta tasa de pobreza en España, y no ayuda el hecho de disponer de diecinueve programas con regulaciones y niveles de generosidad muy dispares. Por ello se plantea la necesidad de una reforma del sistema de garantía de rentas que camine hacia una auténtica renta garantizada. Algunos de los pasos necesarios en esa dirección ya se están dando en las reformas recientes de las rentas mínimas de determinadas comunidades autónomas.
Key points
  • 1
       Las rentas mínimas autonómicas se han consolidado y cumplen un papel apreciable, pero son aún débiles para reducir sustancialmente la tasa de pobreza en España.
  • 2
       Hay demasiada heterogeneidad entre comunidades autónomas en el diseño y las cuantías de las rentas mínimas, aunque las últimas reformas convergen en generosidad.
  • 3
       La crisis y los problemas de las rentas mínimas obligan a replantear el modelo de garantía de rentas en España, inspirándose en éxitos relativos como el del País Vasco.

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