There are significant differences between the meeting of minors’ needs in Spain and in other EU member states. In general, these differences are more to do with financial and material wellbeing and the employment status of the adults in their household than with housing conditions and health.
Children in Spain suffer a higher degree of consistent poverty than the average among children living in the EU. Almost 13% of Spanish minors live in households with incomes below the poverty threshold and suffer from material deprivation. Spain is at the tail-end of a ranking of European countries, with only Lithuania, Greece, Romania and Bulgaria having worse results. The employment status of the adults living with minors is also worse in Spain than the average of EU countries.
Almost 22% of minors living in Spain are in households that suffer in-work poverty, whereas the European average is 15%. Spain is virtually last in a ranking of this aspect, only ahead of Romania, where the rate is much higher (28%).
Unlike the previous aspects, in the case of housing conditions, Spain is one of the eight EU countries with a lower percentage of minors living in poor housing: the average for EU countries is two out of ten children living in a home with these problems, whereas in Spain the figure is just 1.5 of every ten children.
Similarly, Spain is in a good position with regard to delays in medical care for minors who require it, with one in ten not seen (or seen late) due to waiting lists, a figure below average for EU countries.
Contents of the collection
Social needs of children
The CaixaProinfancia programme
The CaixaProinfancia programme’s effectiveness is demonstrated by such data as the early school leaving rate during compulsory secondary education (ESO) being reduced to 6.3% among participating pupils.
Social needs of the inmigrant population
The immigrant collective is one of the most vulnerable groups and, if we compare it with native workers, a significant income gap is revealed. In this report we analyse this population segment’s social needs before covid-19.
Social needs: education
Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.
Social needs of senior citizens
Elderly people enjoy greater economic stability but suffer from a worse state of health. We analyse the situation of this population segment prior to the drastic change caused by covid-19.
Social needs of youth
A lack of professional opportunities and labour precarity mean that young people are very vulnerable to economic crises. What were the circumstances of this group prior to covid-19?