Article

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

A field experiment reveals social Integration difficulties for people with names of a foreign origin

Cornel Nesseler, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU; Carlos Gómez-González, University of Zurich, UZH; Helmut Dietl, University of Zurich, UZH; Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

Taking advantage of football’s popularity, a field experiment was conducted on immigrants’ access to social activities. The experiment consisted of posing as football fans applying to take part in a trial training session for an amateur team and sending emails to coaches at over twenty thousand clubs all over Europe. Despite the applications being identical, those sent as if from footballers with local names obtained more affirmative responses than those sent with names of a foreign origin. In the case of Spain, the preference in favour of native players was evident: the difference was of thirteen points, standing above the European average. The results reveal difficulties for social integration that, subsequently, may also lead to barriers relating to labour and economic integration.
Key points
  • 1
       From email accounts with profiles clearly identifiable as either locals or immigrants, messages were sent applying to take part in a trial training session with an amateur football team.
  • 2
       Applications from foreign nationals received less attention than those from native players, both in Switzerland and, more markedly, in Spain.
  • 3
       Name-based discrimination affects newly arrived immigrants and second- and third-generation immigrants alike.
  • 4
       The research will be extended to some twenty European countries and will enable analysis of the differences in results between countries and whether there is a tendency to penalise names from certain origins more.
Ratio of affirmative responses by name origin in Spain
RESUMENENG.png

Applications sent to local football clubs signed by names such as Daniel Rodríguez or Pablo González, referring to a clearly native origin, obtained a positive response in practically half of cases. In contrast, only just over a third of those signed by names of foreign origin, such as Youssef Alami, were successful.

 

Classification

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Report

Social welfare systems and inequality in Europe

Spain’s social protection system is less redistributive than those of other EU countries. What reforms could help reduce economic inequality in Spain?

Article

Private tuition and economic inequality in Spain

33% of pupils with lower economic capacity attend private tuition, in contrast with 57% of pupils with a higher profile. Differentials in participation in extracurricular activities in relation to economic capacity are greater in secondary school.

Article

Preventing discrimination and social exclusion in Spain

In Spain, not all immigrant groups are perceived equally. According to this study, 35.9% of native Spaniards stated that they have positive contacts with Moroccans, while the figure increased to 59.8% in relation to people of Latin American origin.

Article

Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?

Did inequality exist in the research into the inequalities of covid-19? We analyse it in this comparative study focusing on research production, distribution and collaborations between countries.

Report

Capital income and income inequality in Spain, 1980-2020

Why does Spain present income inequality levels higher than the European average? Differences in income between age groups and the concentration of capital among the richest groups are some of the causes.

You may also find interesting

Social welfare systems and inequality in Europe

Report

Social welfare systems and inequality in Europe


Social Inclusion

Spain’s social protection system is less redistributive than those of other EU countries. What reforms could help reduce economic inequality in Spain?

Detection of workplace bullying and its negative impact on psychological well-being

Article

Detection of workplace bullying and its negative impact on psychological well-being


Social Inclusion

11.2% of the population present a high probability of suffering a situation of harassment in their workplace and may develop generalised anxiety disorder. How can possible cases of psychological harassment be detected?

Technocratic attitudes in Spain during the pandemic

Article

Technocratic attitudes in Spain during the pandemic


Social Inclusion

In times of crisis, do citizens prefer to adopt a more technical type of government? According to this study, technocratic attitudes among Spanish people increased during the pandemic, especially among right-wing voters.