Imbalances between worked hours and desired hours among the younger population
An analysis of their evolution in Spain, 2000-2018
1The percentage of young people experiencing imbalances between the hours that they work and those that they would like to work has not ceased to increase since the 2008 crisis, mainly among those who would like to work more hours.
2Not only has the number of young people affected by this imbalance grown, but also the gap between the number of hours worked and the number of hours they would like to work is getting wider.
3Part-time employment, temporary contracts, and mainly female occupations are the main determi-nants with regard to working fewer hours than desired. Young people originating from outside of the EU-15 and women are the workers most affected.
4Young professionals and managers are those who most suffer an excess of working hours, followed by mothers with children.
5These factors are of crucial importance for the designing of policies that promote organisational wel-fare and equal opportunities among young people from different social backgrounds in the face of the crisis that will ensue from the public health emergency caused by covid-19.
The distribution of working hours is paradoxical. In Spain, the percentage of young people who involuntarily work part-time hours grew from 31% to 58% between 2000 and 2018 (reaching 68.5% in 2014), versus an average of 14.8% in the eurozone (data from EU-LFS 2018). At the same time, we are witnessing the intro-duction of a work culture that requires long working hours outside of the work timetable in order to meet company targets.