Social expenditure as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

This indicator measures, in percentage of Gross Domestic Product, the effort made by countries in social matters.

Public social expenditure includes both social transfers (such as retirement pensions, unemployment benefits, etc.) and the providing of public services (such as healthcare, education, social services, social housing, etc.).

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The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils

The impact of gender-based violence on sons and daughters: the role of schools according to the pupils

Social Inclusion

Some 93% of children have heard of gender violence. Their preferential source of information is the school setting but, if faced with a situation of gender-based violence, they are unsure whether it would be the place to find help.

Article

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

How do gender, experience and caseload affect judicial decisions on intimate-partner violence cases?

Social Inclusion

Are male and female judges equally likely to grant restraining orders in cases of gender-based violence? According to this study, gender alone is not a determining factor but it is a key factor, together with experience and caseload.

Article

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

Do men live in wealthier households than women?

Social Inclusion

Does a gender gap exist in relation to household wealth? According to this study, the difference is more pronounced at advanced ages since, in old age, women have greater probabilities of being widowed and seeing their wealth limited.