The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018
1Over the last decade, youth employment has experienced increases in rates of temporary work, part-time work, and low wages. For 50% of young people aged under 30, their wages, calculated on an annual basis, do not reach the minimum inter-professional wage.
2Higher-level education is one of the key elements for enabling young people to improve their professional prospects and increase their earnings. However, in 2018, up to 50% of university graduates in employment did not even reach monthly wages of 1,000 euros.
3Women aged under 30, despite their greater participation in higher education, continue occupying worse-paid positions with a higher rate of temporary work than men, and this perpetuates gender inequalities. In 2018, the gender pay gap stood at 17%.
4The situation is even worse for workers of immigrant origin, who face a more precarious situation than Spanish nationals. In 2018, some 50% of women of non-European nationalities contributed to Social Security for less than six months.