Population distribution by types of household
Some 34.8 of grandparents in Spain regularly care for their grandchildren,
a figure much higher than the European average.
Population occupation rates by age
Between 2010 and 2020, the occupation rate of the younger population
decreased, while that of over 55s increased.
Average age of first-time mothers
On average, Spanish women have their first child at 31.1 years. Is this
higher than the European average?
Demographic conditioning factors
Did you know that 19.6% of Spain’s population was aged over 65 in 2020?
Find out whether this figure differs greatly in the rest of Europe.
Child benefit design: the importance of refundable tax deductions
Child support benefits improve the economic situation of families and
appear to be positive for increasing fertility rates. How can they be
designed with efficiency?
Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents,
and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social
In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve
the incomes of families with precarious finances.
The fertility rate in Spain is 1.23 children per woman, the second lowest
rate among European Union countries.