Detection of workplace bullying and its negative impact on psychological well-being
1This study contributes solutions to the controversy that exists over how to detect possible cases of psychological bullying in the workplace and how to determine the prevalence of this phenomenon.
2The method employed enables the establishment of three groups of probability of suffering bullying within the workplace context, or three groups of different risk: high, medium, or low.
3Of a sample made up of 5,000 workers from the Spanish territory, 11.2% present a high probability of suffering a situation of bullying in the workplace.
4People who suffer this situation have nearly five times more possibilities of developing a generalised anxiety disorder.
To establish the risk of bullying, cutoff points were applied from the short-version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire (S-NAQ ), calculated previously through ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) curve analysis, in a representative sample of workers from all Spanish provinces, made up of 5,000 individuals (42.8% men; 56.6% women, and 0.7% not identifying with binary gender). From said sample, 2,095 workers participated, four months later, in a screening test via a generalised anxiety disorder scale (GAD-7 ), which includes normative scores for establishing anxiety levels. A high anxiety level implies that the person is experiencing a broad anxious symptomology that indicates a possible generalised anxiety disorder.