Employed but poor
Trends in the working poor in Spain
1The workers with the lowest wages are those who have experienced the largest decrease in their income. From 2010 to 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%, while the earnings of the 25% of the workforce with the lowest wages did so by 7.5%.
2The slight wage recovery of 2016-2018 has not compensated for the previous losses. In particular, the wages of the lowest-paid 25% of the workforce are 6.2 percentage points lower than they were a decade ago.
3In-work poverty has more impact on young people, under-qualified people and women, who are also the workers most affected by job instability (temporary and part-time employment).
We observe that women’s wages stand at around 80-85% of men’s, at all wage levels and at all times, which reflects the gender pay gap. More than 15% of women workers were poor in 2018, as opposed to 10% of working poor men.
The proportion of working poor under the age of 30 is 10% higher than in the case of the older workforce (30-59). Between the ages of 35 and 59 the situation remains largely stable over the years, the percentage of working poor always standing around 10%, with maximum levels approaching 15%, far removed from the 28% reached in 2014 by workers aged between 25 and 29.