How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?
1The level of support from citizens is very different according to the type of measure involved: while only around one third of those surveyed give support to banning polluting cars and to the tax on carbon emissions, around two thirds actively support the water policy.
2The most important factor that explains the support for both measures relating to cars and water is their perceived effectiveness. In other words, people are prepared to give support to a policy geared towards achieving a desired result (for example, reducing CO2 emissions or water consumption) if they have the perception that the policy will be truly effective, even if it represents or demands a significant change in habits.
3People living in Spain are more receptive to a carbon tax if it takes into account the citizens’ diverse economic capabilities and if its introduction is combined with a reduction in other taxes.
4Success when implementing public policies can be improved if we correctly define the target audience and we design differentiated actions, according to whether citizens are directly affected by the measure or not.