In March 2002, the European Council established a set of objectives for improving the occupation rate of parents of small children and promoting gender equality in the labour market. One of these objectives consisted of promoting the first pre-school education cycle, so that at least 33% of children aged below 3 years attended it. As shown by the graph, children from underprivileged economic environments attend pre-school centres significantly less: this group is a long way from the target.
Moving in and out of in-work poverty in Spain
Having a job is no longer sufficient for escaping poverty. Many households, especially with children, are experiencing in-work poverty associated with low wages or periods of inactivity.
Poverty risk among working-age people in Spain
The risk of poverty among the working-age population increased by 20% during the Great Recession. What role is played by social transfers?
Population distribution by types of household
In 2019, households were predominantly formed by childless couples (22.7%), versus 12.2% formed by couples with children.
Proposals to reduce child poverty
How can we put an end to the intergenerational transmission of poverty? We analyse proposals that defend universal child benefit and other policies that propose selective benefits for poor families with children.
Child benefit design: the importance of refundable tax deductions
Child support benefits improve the economic situation of families and appear to be positive for increasing fertility rates. How can they be designed with efficiency?