Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D
Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain
The European Union set a target for the business sector to invest 2% of GDP
in R&D. How is the convergence of Spain and Portugal towards this goal
You can now view the discussion "Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal"
What are the most decisive factors in a country’s research and innovation
systems? You can see the video of the discussion we organised to debate
this issue here.
The use of public engagement for technological innovation
What is society’s opinion regarding the possible impacts of science and
technology? Establishing citizen participation mechanisms is necessary to
generate confidence and detect points for improvement.
Expenditure on R&D by sectors
In 2019, the percentage of total public spending assigned to R&D was 1.24%
in Spain and 0.82% in Portugal, both below the EU-27 average.
Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities
In Spain and Portugal, the proportion of innovative companies, and the
degree to which these collaborate with other companies and organisations,
is below the EU-27 average.
According to this study, the most popular form of gambling among teenagers
is sports betting, and there is a higher level of online gambling addiction
What use are young Spaniards making of mobile phones? This study indicates
that 19% are hyperconnected, showing difficulties in controlling the use of
Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new
big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth,
the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.